There are several types of vehicle registration plates in Ghana: black print on a white background (for private vehicles), black print on a yellow background (for commercial vehicles), green print on a white background (for agricultural equipment such as tractor) white print on a red background (for diplomats), and white print on a blue background (for motorcycles only).
The DVLA refers to vehicles with personalised or customised plates as Vehicles with Special Mark. It costs about GH¢7822.79 to get his or her preferred phrase, text or name on his or her vehicle's plate.
Vehicle registration plates of Ghana indicate the region where the vehicles bearing them were registered. Ghana has no restrictions on the use of number plates in the various regions, for example, a vehicle registered in the Ashanti Region can be used in the Brong-Ahafo Region.
The current Ghanaian number plate format has been in use since January 2009. Ghanaian vehicle license plates consist of a two-letter region code, followed by a four-digit numeric and a two-digit year code. The two-letter region code indicates the region in which the vehicle was registered; the four-digit numeric code is the unique item one can find on a Ghanaian number plate—the digits show the number of vehicles registered in the region in which the vehicle was registered. The year code also tells one the exact year in which the vehicle was registered.
The two-letter region code is the combination of the first letter from the name of the region, and the letter 'R' which denotes region; however, four of the ten regions in Ghana: Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Upper East and Upper West do not have the letter 'R' as part of their region code.
The Ghana Armed Forces, Ghana Police, Fire Service and the Ghana Prisons Service have special codes on their number plates - GA, GP, FS and PS, respectively. For example, GP 5 would be a number plate for the Ghana Police.
In the Ashanti and Greater Accra Regions, many vehicles are registered every year so, the Driver Vehicle License Authority (DVLA, the body responsible for vehicle registration in Ghana) provides supplementary plates for these two regions - AW and AE are the supplementary for Ashanti Region; GT, GN, GS, GC, GW, GE, GX, GL, GM, GY are the supplementary for the Greater Accra Region. FZB is issued as a special identification by Ghana Free zone board.
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