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Meet The Woman Who Designed The Ghana National Flag

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Madam Theodosia Salome Okoh, fondly referred to as "Dosia," was born on June 13th, 1928. She was a Ghanaian stateswoman, athlete, educator, and artist best known for designing the Ghanaian national flag in 1957. She was also instrumental in Ghana's hockey growth.


Madam Theodosia was the fourth child in a family of eight. Her father, the Very Reverend Emmanuel Victor Asihene, was a former moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana, and her mother, Madam Dora Asihene, were both from Anum in Ghana's Eastern Region's Asuogyaman District.


When the need for a new flag was announced in the newspapers after Ghana gained independence from Britain, Madam Okoh decided to apply with her design. Dr. Kwame Nkruman, the country's first president from March 6, 1957, adopted her design and made it the official Ghana National Flag till date.


In an interview, Madam Theodosia Salome Okoh explained what inspired the colours, saying, "I decided on the three colours of red, gold, and green because of Ghana's geography. Ghana is located in the tropics and is surrounded by lush foliage. The mineral-rich nature of our lands inspired the colour Gold, and the colour Red honours those who died or worked for the country's freedom. Then there's the five-pointed lone star, which represents African emancipation and solidarity in the fight against colonialism”


The vibrant stripes of red, yellow, and green behind a black star, which she modeled 63 years ago, remain a powerful emblem of national pride and identity for the Ghanaian people.


She was the first female chairman of the Ghana Hockey Association and later President of the Ghana Hockey Federation for more than 20 years, during which time Ghana qualified for the Hockey World Cup and the Olympic Games for the first time.


She died on April 19, 2015, at the age of 92, at Tema's Narh-Bita Hospital, following a brief illness. In her honor, President John Dramani Mahama ordered all flags to be flown at half mast for three days, beginning Tuesday, April 21, 2015, and ending Wednesday, April 23, 2015.


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