The AG traces its roots to the revival movement that began in the nineteenth century in the United States of America. This movement is popularly known as the Azusa Street Revival. The Azusa Street Revival is the name given to the events that occurred from 1906 to 1913 in and around the Apostolic Faith Mission situated at 312 Azusa Street in Los Angeles, California.
The mission, believed to have been established in 14 April, 1906 under the leadership of Elder William J. Seymour (1870-1922) was the result of prayer sessions held the abode of Richard and Ruth Asberry at 214 North Bonnie Brae Street.
Seymour was the son of former slaves from Centerville, Louisiana. He grew up in the midst of violent racism. Seymour had little or no formal education, but he taught himself to read and write. He had his training from Charles Parham (1873-1929), founder of the Apostolic Faith Movement.
Seymour was ordained by the Evening Light Saints and during the summer of 1905, he served as the pastor of the black Holiness Church in Jackson, Mississippi. In February 1906, he became the pastor of a small black church (Church of Nazarene) in Los Angeles. He affirmed his black heritage by introducing Negro music into his liturgy.
He organized a fellowship of Pentecostal ministers who believed that joint action would enable them to fulfil their shared objectives speedily. It is believed that the meeting was made up of three hundred Pentecostal ministers and laymen. Part of their agenda centred on the importance for a doctrinal unity. This attempt led to the creation of the General Council of elders.
The AG, Ghana is an affiliate of the worldwide fellowship of AG scattered in about two hundred and twelve countries in the world. The church in Ghana was made possible as a result of the instrumentality of the church in the United States of America. The church in Ghana, as its theology, subscribe to the set of fundamental truths of the AG worldwide as illustrated above.
Accredited to be the first foreign Pentecostal body in Ghana, the AG, Ghana started in Yendi in the Northern region in 1931. Tradition has it that Rev. Lloyd and Margaret Shirer who were then American AG missionaries in Moshiland, in Francophone Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) crossed over through the northern frontier to the Northern region of the then Gold Coast in 1931. The American AG Mission had begun missionary work among the Moshis in 1921.
The entry point of the Shirers into the country appears to be unusual to what normally pertains of missionaries entering the country through the coastal boarders. Apart from the above, these missionaries did not come to the Gold Coast by ship or aeroplane. Wilson-Marfo a historian, argues that the duo trekked along the Savannah grassland to the unknown land of the Gold Coast on bicycle. Their intention was to survey the land for missionary work.
After a satisfactory observation, the Shirers returned to the United States of America with the report that there is a land flowing with mineral resources such as gold and diamonds, a fertile land with its inhabitants ready for God's harvest. As a result, they began mobilizing and recruiting personnel who would support missionary activities in present day Ghana.
Their zeal for missionary work was strong. Their efforts yielded fruits within the shortest possible time. In less than a year, two young people, Miss Beulah Buchwalter and Guy Hickok accepted the challenge and resigned their jobs, ready for mission in the Gold Coast. Under the aegis of the AG Mission, United States of America, these men and women left the United States of America to the then Gold Coast.
In September 1931, the Shirers returned to the Gold Coast with Miss Beulah Buchwalter and Guy Hickok. Their aim was to invade, to conquer and to colonize the Gold Coast for the Lord. This would be made possible through their personal sacrifices coupled with the support from friends in their local assemblies.
However, the climatic conditions of the Gold Coast were unsuitable for the missionaries. As happened in the case of the Western missionary societies such as the Roman Catholic, the Bremen, the Basel and the Wesleyan, the American AG missionaries suffered from tropical diseases.
The General Council in the United States of America expected to hear favourable news from its missionaries in the Gold Coast. On the contrary, report came about the ill health of Miss Buchwalter. She contracted typhoid fever and was hospitalised in Kumasi. In spite of the climatic discomfort faced by the early missionaries, they were determined that the Gold Coast mission should continue.
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