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List of Rulers In Asante

JudaGh
By JudaGh | self meida writer
Published 16 days ago - 2066 views

List of rulers of Asante

Wikipedia list article


The Asantehene is the absolute monarch of the Asante people and the historical Kingdom of Asante. The Asante royal house traces its line to the Oyoko (an abusua, or "clan") Abohyen Dynasty of Nana Twum and the Bretuo Dynasty of Osei Tutu Opemsoo, who formed the Empire of Asante in 1701 and was crowned Asantehene (King of all Asante). Osei Tutu held the Asante throne until his death in battle in 1717, and was the sixth king in Asante royal history.


Quick Facts: King of Asante, Incumbent ...

King of Asante

Asantehene ma Asanteman

Incumbent


Osei Tutu II

since 26 April 1999

Details

Style

His – Your Majesty

First monarch

Osei Tutu Opemsoo

1701 to 1717

Formation

c. 1670

Residence

Manhyia Royal Palace

Website

The Asante Monarchy

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The Asantehene is the ruler of the Asante people and the Kingdom of Asante and Asanteman, the homeland of the Asante people ethnic group, historically a position of great power. The Asantehene is traditionally enthroned on a golden stool known as the Sika 'dwa, and the office is sometimes referred to by this name. The Asantehene is also the titular ruler of Kumasi, capital of Asante. The Asante state, or Asanteman (also known as the Kingdom of Asante, Asante, Asante, Empire of Asante or Ashanti Confederacy), comprises the Ashanti region. The Asante Empire and Confederacy comprised part of present-day Asanteman (southern Ghana) and portions of present-day eastern Côte d'Ivoire between the 17th and 20th centuries.


The current Asantehene is Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II, born Nana Kwaku Dua, who ascended as the 16th Asante king in April 1999. Osei Tutu II was one of seven descendants who were eligible to the heir presumptive.


Elections and regents

During the period between the death of an Asantehene and the election of a successor, the Mamponghene, the Asantehene's deputy, acts as a regent. This policy was only changed during a time of civil war in the late 19th century, when the Kwasafomanhyiamu or governing council itself ruled as regent. The succession is decided by a series of councils of Asante nobles and other royal family members.


The colonial era and Asante independence


Map of Ashantiland (1st left) and the Kingdom of Ashanti (2nd left) and Ashanti Region (2nd right) with its administrative districts (1st right).

The Ashanti Confederacy was made a British protectorate in 1902, and the office of Asantehene was discontinued. In 1926, the British permitted the repatriation of Prempeh I – whom they had exiled to the Seychelles in 1896 – and allowed him to adopt the title Kumasehene, but not Asantehene. However, in 1935, the British finally granted the Ashanti moderated self-rule as the Kingdom of Ashanti, and the title of Asantehene was revived.


On 6 March 1957, the Kingdom of Ashanti and the Northern Territories, the Gold Coast Crown Colony and the British Mandate of Togoland to form the modern state of Ghana. The office of Asantehene is now a sub-national constitutional monarchy, and is protected by the Ghanaian constitution.[further explanation needed]


List of rulers

All rulers in the lists below were members of the Oyoko Abohyen Dynasty.


Kwaamanhene of the Kwaaman State

More information: Name, Reign ...

Name Reign

Nana Twum c.1570-1590

Nana Antwi 1590-1600

Nana Kobia Amamfi 1600–1630

Nana Oti Akenten 1630-1640

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Kumasehene of the Kumaseman State

More information: Name, Reign ...

Name Reign Notes

Nana Obiri Yeboah about 1640–c.1680

Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Opemsoo about c.1680/c.1695–1701 (definitely Kumasehene by 1695) Founder of Asanteman. Reign continues as Asantehene.

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Asantehene of the Kingdom of Ashanti (Ashanti Empire)

All regents were members of the Bretuo Dynasty who were and still are the holders of the title Mamponghene.


Upon the death of the Asantehene, it is the task of the Mamponghene to act as the regent, or Awisiahene.


More information: Name, Reign ...

Name Reign Notes

Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu I 1701–c.1717

Regent c.1717 to 1720 Amaniampon, the mamponghene

Otumfuo Nana Opoku Ware Katakyie 1720–1750

Otumfuo Nana Kusi Oboadum 1750–1764 Forced to abdicate.

Regent 1764 Safo Kantanka, the mamponghene

Otumfuo Nana Osei Kwadwo Okoawia 1764–1777

Regent 1777 Atakora Kwame, the mamponghene

Osei Kwame Panyin 1777–1803

Otumfuo Nana Opoku Fofie December 1803–March 1804

Osei Tutu Kwame Asiba 1804–21 January 1824 Known as Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Kwame Asiba Bonsu from 1807.

Otumfuo Nana Osei Yaw Akoto 1824–21 February 1834

Otumfuo Nana Kwaku Dua I 25 August 1834 – 27 April 1867

Otumfuo Nana Kofi Karikari 28 May 1867 – 26 October 1874 Forced to abdicate.

Regent 1874 Kwabena Dwomo, the mamponghene

Otumfuo Nana Mensa Bonsu 1874–8 March 1883 Forced to abdicate.

Otumfuo Nana Kwaku Dua II' 28 April 1884–11 June 1884 Died after short illness.

Asante Civil War 1883-1888

Interim Council 1884-1887. Chairman Owusu Kofi 11 June 1884 to November 1884. Chairman Akyampon Panyin November 1884 to 1887.

Regent 1887 to 26 March 1888 Owusu Sekyere II, the mamponghene

Otumfuo Nana Prempeh I 26 March 1888 – 12 May 1931 Original throne name was Kwaku Dua III Asamu. Arrested by the British 1896. Exiled 1900. Released 12 September 1924. Restored as kumasehene 12 November 1926.

Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu Agyeman Prempeh II 22 June 1931–27 May 1970 Using title kumasehene at first, asantehene 31 January 1935.

Otumfuo Nana Opoku Ware II 6 July 1970 – 26 February 1999 Ruled as Ashanti King or Asantehene

Regent 26 February 1999 to 26 April 1999 Osei Bonsu II, the mamponghene

Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II 26 April 1999–present current Asantehene.

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