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Biography Of Aldof Hitler.

Adolf Hitler

Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945


"Hitler" redirects here. For other uses, see Hitler (disambiguation).

Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] (listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Chancellorii in 1933 and then Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust, the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims.

Quick Facts: Führer of Germany, Preceded by ...

Adolf Hitler

Official portrait, 1938

Führer of Germany

In office

2 August 1934  30 April 1945

Preceded by

Paul von Hindenburg (President)

Succeeded by

Karl Dönitz (President)

Chancellor of Germany

In office

30 January 1933  30 April 1945

President

Paul von Hindenburg

(1933–1934)

Deputy

Franz von Papen

(1933–1934)

Hermann Göring

(1941–1945)

Preceded by

Kurt von Schleicher

Succeeded by

Joseph Goebbels

Führer of the Nazi Party

In office

29 July 1921  30 April 1945

Deputy

Rudolf Hess (1933–1941)

Preceded by

Anton Drexler (Chairman)

Succeeded by

Martin Bormann (Party Minister)

Personal details

Born

20 April 1889

Braunau am InnAustria-Hungary (now Austria)

Died

30 April 1945 (aged 56)

BerlinNazi Germany

Cause of death

Suicide by gunshot

Citizenship

  • Austrian (1889–1925)
  • Stateless (1925–1932)
  • German (1932–1945)

Political party

Nazi Party (1921–1945)

Other political

affiliations

German Workers' Party (1919–1920)

Spouse(s)

Eva Braun ​(m. 1945)​

Parents

Alois Hitler

Klara Pölzl

Cabinet

Hitler cabinet

Signature

Military service

Allegiance

 German Empire

 Weimar Republic

 Nazi Germany

Branch

Imperial German Army

Reichswehr

Wehrmacht

Service years

German EmpireWeimar Republic 1914–1920

Nazi Germany 1939–1945

Rank

Gefreiter

Unit

16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment

Wars

World War I

World War II

Awards

Close

Hitler was born in Austria  then part of Austria-Hungary  and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I. In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party (DAP), the precursor of the Nazi Party, and was appointed leader of the Nazi Party in 1921. In 1923, he attempted to seize governmental power in a failed coup in Munich and was imprisoned with a sentence of five years. In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle"). After his early release in 1924, Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting pan-Germanismanti-Semitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and Nazi propaganda. He frequently denounced international capitalism and communism as part of a Jewish conspiracy.

By November 1932, the Nazi Party had the most seats in the German Reichstag but did not have a majority. As a result, no party was able to form a majority parliamentary coalition in support of a candidate for chancellor. Former chancellor Franz von Papen and other conservative leaders persuaded President Paul von Hindenburg to appoint Hitler as chancellor on 30 January 1933. Shortly after, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act of 1933 which began the process of transforming the Weimar Republic into Nazi Germany, a one-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism. Hitler aimed to eliminate Jews from Germany and establish a New Order to counter what he saw as the injustice of the post-World War I international order dominated by Britain and France. His first six years in power resulted in rapid economic recovery from the Great Depression, the abrogation of restrictions imposed on Germany after World War I, and the annexation of territories inhabited by millions of ethnic Germans, which gave him significant popular support.

Hitler sought Lebensraum (lit. 'living space') for the German people in Eastern Europe, and his aggressive foreign policy is considered the primary cause of World War II in Europe. He directed large-scale rearmament and, on 1 September 1939, invaded Poland, resulting in Britain and France declaring war on Germany. In June 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union. By the end of 1941, German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa. These gains were gradually reversed after 1941, and in 1945 the Allied armies defeated the German army. On 29 April 1945, he married his longtime lover Eva Braun in the Führerbunker in Berlin. Less than two days later, the couple committed suicide to avoid capture by the Soviet Red Army. Their corpses were burned.

Under Hitler's leadership and racially motivated ideology, the Nazi regime was responsible for the genocide of about 6 million Jews and millions of other victims whom he and his followers deemed Untermenschen (subhumans) or socially undesirable. Hitler and the Nazi regime were also responsible for the killing of an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war.

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