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Since South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign nations in the world (not including the disputed but de facto independent Taiwan), plus some 60 dependent areas, and several disputed territories, like Kosovo. But, the question is… for how long will this list of countries remain the same on our map?
We have always read and learnt of great and powerful countries in the world, but rarely talk about those that have fallen or no longer exist.
In this story, we present to you countries, republics and regions that have changed their names , or split into separate entities, have fallen and no longer exists on our map or have lost their sovereignty after being taken over by another countries.
Prussia was historically a prominent German state that was founded in 1525. With a duchy centered on the region of Prussia on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. The capital city of Prussia was Königsberg and with Vereinsthaler as its currency. Its Common languages were German (official) and Low Prussian
The Kingdom of Prussia survived through wars against Napoleon, the Danes, Austrians and the French, but 20th century world wars were its downfall. The Prussian monarchy ended when Germany was defeated in the World War 1. After World War 2 when allies took control of Germany, Prussia's land was divvied.
The once-dominant State of Prussia was fully dissolved in November 1918, and now forming part of Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Russia and Switzerland.
East Germany and West Germany.
After the World War 2, Germany was divided into two independent countries ; East Germany and West Germany. Soviets occupied the East, whiles the United States and other allied forces took the West.
Germany re-united in 1990, in a process known as German reunification. In 1990, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to form the reunited nation of Germany. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German, and is been celebrated on 3rd October each, as German Unity Day.
The State of Vermont, also known as Vermont Republic, and until 2nd June 1777 known as Republic of New Connecticut and Republic of the Green Mountains, as an independent state in New England that existed from 15th January 1777 to March 4, 1791.
Vermont Republic has Windsor, as it capital city, Vermont copper as its currency, English, French, and Abenaki as its common languages.
After a series of land-grant battles in the early 1700s, the people living in the Vermont territory declared their independence and established the Vermont Republic and issued their own currency.
Vermont Republic later joined the United States of America as the fourteenth (14th) state in 1791, after a brief period of sovereignty following the American Revolutionary War.
Yugoslavia was a country in Southeast Europe and Central Europe in the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
With the capital city of Belgrade, Yugoslavia was founded in 1918. Its currency was Yugoslav dinar, with Serbo-Croatian; Macedonian; Slovene as its official languages.The region has, gone through much iteration, which includes the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes starting in 1918, and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia beginning in 1929.
After World War II, Yugoslavia was subdivided along ethnic lines into six republics and forcibly held together by Tito under communist rule. When their ruler; Tito died and communism fell, those republics pulled apart. ... A bloody war then broke out in Croatia where Serbs tried to create their own state.
By 1992 only Serbia and Montenegro remained in what was called "the third Yugoslavia"; all other republics broke away after many conflicts.
In 2003, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was reconstituted and re-named as a State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This union effectively ended following Montenegro's formal declaration of independence on 3 June 2006 and Serbia's on 5 June.
The Kingdom of Basutoland
Basutoland, (Now part of the present-day Lesotho), was a British Crown colony that existed from 1884 to 1966. Though the Basotho and their territory had been under British control starting in 1868, the Cape Colony was unpopular and unable to control the territory.
Basutoland was founded in 1884, with a capital city call Maseru. Basutoland was practicing the type of government called the constitutional monarchy, with English (official) and Sesotho as its languages, and pound sterling; rand (from 1961) as its currency.
In 1868, Basutoland, the independent African Kingdom, became a British colony and renamed the Territory of Basutoland. It remained the British colony until it gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966, and was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho.
Today, Lesotho is ruled by a constitutional monarchy, complete with a royal family. The Kingdom of Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, making it one of the only three countries in the world (along with the Vatican and San Marino), to be completely surrounded by another country.
Ceylon (the present-day Sri Lanka), was the British Crown colony between 1796 and 4 of February 1948. Initially, the area did not include the Kingdom of Kandy, which was a protectorate, but from 1817 to 1948 the British possessions included the whole island of Ceylon, which is now the present day Sri Lanka.
The Sinhalese arrived on this island in the 6th century BC, and lived peacefully on the land until a southern India dynasty seized power and established the Tamil kingdom in the 15th century.
Before the beginning of the Dutch governance, the island of Ceylon was divided between the Portuguese Empire and the Kingdom of Kandy, who were in the midst of a war for control of the island as a whole. The island attracted the attention of the newly formed Dutch Republic when they were invited by the Sinhalese King to fight the Portuguese. Dutch rule over much of the island was soon imposed.
Over two centuries, Ceylon was occupied by the Portuguese and then the Dutch, until it was surrendered to the British control in 1796. Ceylon became independent from the British rule in 1948, and in 1972, adopted the name Sri Lanka, meaning “great and beautiful island" which is the name still in use till today.
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