Facts about Ghana’s history
1. Ghana was the first country to gain independence in West Africa from the British people. (West African countries include – 1. Benin, 2. Burkina Faso, 3. the island nation of Cape Verde, 4. Gambia, 5. Ghana, 6. Guinea, 7. Guinea-Bissau, 8. Ivory Coast, 9. Liberia, 10. Mali, 11. Mauritania, 12. Niger, 13. Nigeria, 14. the island of Saint Helena, 15. Senegal, 16. Sierra Leone, 17. São Tomé and Príncipe, and 18. Togo.
2. The country was named after the medieval empire of West Africa which initially was Wagadugu.
3. Some of the people found living in Ghana today are believed to have ancestors linked with medieval Ghana especially people from the Northern region.
4. Ghana before 1957 was commonly known as the Gold Coast due to the availability of gold along the rivers Ankobra and Volta.
5. The gold availability in the region created vested interests between the British, Portuguese resulting to rivalry in 1482.
6. After the World War II, educated Ghanaians thought it wise that they could seek independence of their country and liberate themselves from oppression.
7. The war veterans were prominent taking forward the struggle for liberation with the notion that colonization was a form of oppression. They began fighting it.
8. In the year 1945, during a meeting in Manchester attended by Kwame Nkrumah, serious concerns on independence were raised giving way to Pan-African consciousness.
9. Ghana had their first constitution in 1946.
10. Kwame Nkrumah became the first president of independent Ghana after they gained independence in 1957.
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