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The Ethnic Group That came to Settle Ghana First

The Guan people are an ethnic group found almost in all parts of Ghana, including the Nkonya tribe, the Gonja, Anum, Larteh, Nawuri and Ntsumburu.

They primarily speak the Guan languages of the Niger-Congo language family. They make up 3.7% of the population of Ghana.


Guans are believed to be the first settlers in the modern day Ghana that migrated from the Mossi region of modern Burkina around 1000 A.D. They are scattered across all the regions in Ghana. Guans speak distinct languages which are different from the major languages in Ghana except Gonja.

However, some of these Guan languages are influenced by major languages in Ghana, depending on where a particular Guan tribe is located.

Guans in the Eastern region include Anum, Boso, Larteh, Okere, and Kyerepong. Guans in the Volta Region include Buem, Nkonya, Likpe, Amedzofe, Vane etc.

In the central region we have the Efutu, Awutu and Senya and Bawjiase areas. The Gonja people are in the north and part of Brong Ahafo, Bono and Ahafo.

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Boso Ghana Gonja Guan Guans

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