The word Architecture in English is not an original English word rather a borrowed word from French. Etymologically, the Greek arkhitekton, which is a combination of two words, Arkhi and Tekton (master and builder) seems to be the root word of architecture. This Greek root inspired the Latin architectus with the same meaning. From these, a similar French word Architecte (one who plans and executes the construction of a building) evolved. The word architecture derived further in French and adapted in English. Originally, the word was used in the context of the construction of buildings; however, today, it is used broadly in many fields, including the field of computers, as software architecture.
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Architecture is defined by Webster’s dictionary as an art or science of building or construction, or, the art and practice of designing and building structures, especially habitable ones. This simple definition explains some of the basic attributes of architecture. However, defining architecture simply as an art or science of building is inadequate; also, describing architecture from the point of human habitation, raises another question, what if the structure is not habitable, say, for example, a monument, a memorial; do they not still fall into the category of architecture? There is another definition by Webster’s that states, architecture is the formation or construction resulting from or as if from a conscious act. Of course, buildings are planned structures and therefore they are consciously constructed. However, when an architect designs or plans certain elements, it could arise from pure imagination or unconscious motives too.
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