Kobina Gyan 1 was brought into the world in Elmina to Kobina Conduah, who became Edinahene in 1863. During his dad's rule, Kobina Gyan was sub-lord (ohin nadir ekyen) and went about as a conspicuous representative for the Elmina people group. At the point when the implementation of the 1867 Anglo-Dutch Convention for an Interchange of Territory on the Gold Coast of Africa brought about an attack of Elmina by the Fante Confederacy, Kobina Gyan co-created the August 1868 request to lord William III of the Netherlands, asking him for help and assistance.
After his dad was destooled in January 1869 for not restricting Dutch lead representative George Pieter Willem Boers' method of managing the attack of Elmina unequivocally enough, Kobina Gyan was enstooled on 15 July 1869 to succeed him.During his standard, Kobina Gyan at first depended on the help and exhortation of the rich and taught Elmina dealer George Emil Eminsang. Both at first restricted the cession of the Dutch belongings on the Gold Coast to the British, which was being haggled at the time. When it became obvious that the cession would go through, the Realpolitiker Eminsang offered his administrations to the British specialists dominating, while the visionary Kobina Gyan kept on contradicting British rule.
At the point when the Dutch Lieutenant Governor Jan Helenus Ferguson showed up in November 1871 to impact the cession of the Dutch belongings to the British, he ousted Kobina Gyan. After Elmina was gone over to the British on 6 April 1872, and people went after George Emil Eminsang, the British pioneer specialists saw no alternate method of building up control instead of to cooperate with Kobina Gyan, who was reestablished as Edinahene by lead representative John Pope Hennessy on 8 May 1872.
Kobina Gyan never flew the English banner given to him by Pope Hennessy and rejected British installment of kostgeld. The new British lead representative Robert William Harley chose to test Kobina Gyan's loyalty by mentioning him to make a vow of loyalty to the British on 12 March 1873. At the point when Kobina Gyan declined, he was captured and taken by boat to Cape Coast, prior to being exiled to Sierra Leone.
Kobina Gyan's exile would last 21 years. With the help of Elmina District Commissioner Hendrik Vroom, who gathered him from Sierra Leone, Kobina Gyan again set foot on Elmina soil on 17 May 1894 and was again made king. Under two years after the fact, on 12 March 1896, Kobina Gyan passed on. He was buried in the Dutch Cemetery .
Kobina Gyan is recognized as a principled ruler who went to bat for his kin. In May 2005, Elmina's Trafalgar Square was renamed Kobina Gyan square, and a sculpture of Kobina Gyan was disclosed at the middle.
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