We already know that when the operating system is released on October 5, Windows 11 will officially require the installation of the TPM 2.0 module and secure boot support, but it looks like Riot Games' Vanguard anti-heat software will have fun too. Users running Vanguard on Windows 11 systems have seen a pop-up window informing them that the TPM 2.0 module and Secure Boot support must exist and then Vanguard protected games like Valorant can run on Windows 11 PCs. PCGamer reports that these requirements don't seem to apply to Windows 10 users, at least not yet (any Windows 10 system bought or built in the last five years generally includes TPM 2.0 and Secure Boot support, although one or two of them may be the default Off).
Vanguard is already known for low-level access to your system; uses a kernel-mode driver that starts when Windows starts, regardless of whether you are playing a game that requires it. Regardless of why you shut down Vanguard, you will need to restart Windows before you can start protected games. Services such as Easy AntiCheat also promote kernel-level protection.
The performance of these kernel-level services is better than the anti-cheat services that most other applications run in "user mode", but defective or damaged kernel-level software can also cause more instability and security issues. They are not absolutely reliable. External hardware can still be used to circumvent kernel-level anti-cheat software. Many online games rely on user reports to identify and prohibit cheating.
If your computer does not have a built-in TPM, or you simply choose to use Windows with TPM disabled, Windows 11 will be able to run on TPM-free systems in some way. Vanguard is one of the first applications we know of, and it also requires a TPM when it runs on Windows 11, rather than just assuming that the TPM exists because Windows 11 is running. Historically, TPM is mainly used for security functions, such as BitLocker disk encryption, which is important, but it will not have a big impact on the daily experience of running applications on a PC. The new Windows 11 security requirements may cause more software to take advantage of this module, because the program will be able to assume that it exists and is enabled on most Windows 11 PCs.
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