Agriculture remains one of the most critical sectors of many economies across the world. In Ghana, more than fiftyty(50) percent of the active workforce is employed along the agriculture value chain.
Despite this large number of people being employed in the agric sector, Ghana is unable to produce enough food to feed the population. As a result, millions of cedis are spent every year importing food items like rice and maiz.
This is because agriculture remains largely traditional. Most farmers in Ghana continue to rely on obsolete technology for agriculture production which is mostly dependent on rainfall.
Poverty remains widespread Ghana with majority of people in rural areas unable to afford three square meals per day. The role of agriculture in poverty reduction cannot be overemphasized.
Two major agricultural policy interventions are being implemented by government to enhance food production across the country: planting for food and jobs and one village, one dam. However, this has not yielded the desired result in terms of ensuring food sufficiency poverty reduction, especially among the rural folks.
To reduce poverty in Ghana, agriculture intensification is one of the surest ways to go.
Intensive farming involves the application of farm inputs such as fertilizer pesticides and others in very high quantities. It employs large labour and capital per unit farmland as compared to traditional method of farming.
Intensive farming is particularly important in poverty reduction due to the following benefits:
1. It ensures higher farm outputs. The use of chemicals in large quantities results in higher farm output.
2. Higher income for farmers. Farmers are able to make more money because of high outputs. Besides, the farmers don't have to spend large amount of money on acquiring large tracks of large in order to increase production.
3. Furthermore, food supply becomes sustainable. Intensive farming ensures that there is no food shortage among the populace.
4. It also ensures lower food prices. Availability of large quantities of food in the market leads to lower prices. Food becomes affordable for almost everyone.
5. Better nutrition among the populace. Intensive farming ensures that variety of food crops and animal products are produced. This means that the people especially children are able to get all the necessary nutrition they need for growth and development.
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