Opera News

Opera News App

The true fact about agriculture in Ghana you need to know

RichGeorge
By RichGeorge | self meida writer
Published 16 days ago - 43 views

The Republic of Ghana, lies within latitude 4o 44’ N and 11o11’ N and 3o 11’ W and 1o11’ E. Ghana is bordered by the Republic of Togo to the east, Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) to the north-west and north, and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire to the west. The Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean lies south of the country, and it forms a 550km-long coastline. The Volta River basin, including the artificially created Lake Volta, dominates the country’s drainage system. 

Ghana has a population of 25.37 million, with a per annum growth rate of 2.19 %, and a mean population density of 77 persons/km2. The population distribution is varied across the 10 administrative regions and eco-zones of the country, with 68 % and 32 % living in the rural and urban areas respectively. About 52 % of the labour force is engaged in agriculture, 29 % in services and 19 % in industry. Approximately, 39 % of farm labour force is women. Agriculture contributes to 54 % of Ghana’s GDP, and accounts for over 40 % of export earnings, while at the same time providing over 90 % of the food needs of the country. Ghana’s agriculture is predominantly smallholder, traditional and rain-fed (SRID, 2001).

About 136,000 km2 of land, covering approximately 57 % of the country’s total land area of 238,539 km2 is classified as "agricultural land area" out of which 58,000 km2 (24.4 %) is under cultivation and 11,000 hectares under irrigation. About 60 % of all farms in the country are less than 1.2 hectares in size, 25 % are between 1.2 to 2.0 hectares, with a mere 15 % above 2.0 hectares. The mean farm size is less than 1.6 hectares. Small-size and medium-size farms of up to 10.0 hectares account for 95 % of the cultivated land (SRID, 2001).

Ghana’s farming systems vary with agro-ecological zones. However, certain general features are discernible throughout the country. The bush fallow system prevails wherever there is ample land to permit a plot to be rested enough to recoup its fertility, after one to three years’ cultivation. Staple crops are often mixed-cropped while cash crops are usually monocropped. 

In the forest zone, tree crops are significant with cocoa, oil palm, coffee and rubber being of particular importance. The food crops in this area are mainly inter-cropped mixtures of maize, plantain, cocoyam and cassava. The middle belt is characterized by mixed or sole cropping of maize, legumes, cocoyam or yam, with tobacco and cotton being the predominant cash crops. Cotton and tobacco are also important in the northern sector, where the food crops are mainly sorghum, maize, millet, cowpeas, groundnuts and yam. Rice is important in all the zones. 

Although the majority of rural households keep some sort of livestock, livestock farming is adjunct to crop farming. Poultry predominates in the south, while cattle production is concentrated in the Savannah zones. Sheep and goat production is generally widespread throughout the country (MoFA, 1998).

Livestock production is a major feature in Ghana’s agriculture and contributes largely towards meeting food needs, providing draught power, manure to maintain soil fertility and structure as well as to provide income, particularly for farmers in the northern part of the country. The livestock sector contributes in direct products about 7 % of agricultural GDP (SRID, 2001), excluding manure and draught power that is provided to the crop sector. Ruminant livestock play a major role in the socio-cultural life of the farming communities as a partial determinant of wealth, payment of dowry, and act as a bank and insurance in times of difficulty. Sheep and goats are often slaughtered for various occasions and functions such as births, funeral and marriages (MoFA, 1990).

Domestic livestock meat production is low, and amounted to 66,283 metric tons in the year 2000 (Table 1) of which beef contributed about 27 %, mutton about 18 %, goat meat and pig meat about 17 % each, and poultry meat about 21 % (SRID, 2001). Domestic milk production is estimated at 13,700 metric tons for the same period. 

Both the meat and milk production represent about 30 % of the national animal protein requirements. The country depends on imports of livestock, meat and milk to meet the animal protein shortfall. It is, however, difficult to estimate the amount of livestock and meat imported, as most of the live imports from the northern neighbours, Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, are not recorded. The quantity of livestock product imports (through the main port at Tema) in 1998 was 22,727 metric tons; made up of 10,143.5 metric tons poultry, 1,724.0 metric tons beef, 757 metric tons pork, 9,941.1 metric tons dairy and 362.7 other products (LPIU, 1999).

Content created and supplied by: RichGeorge (via Opera News )

Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform

YOU MAY LIKE

A woman uses water from dead bodies to cook for customers burnt alive.

39 minutes ago

248 🔥

A woman uses water from dead bodies to cook for customers burnt alive.

Mother Of 4 But Still With A Flat Tummy - Ghanaians Wowed Of Samira Bawumia's Current Shape [Photos]

53 minutes ago

837 🔥

Mother Of 4 But Still With A Flat Tummy - Ghanaians Wowed Of Samira Bawumia's Current Shape [Photos]

Ladies: Know The Lifestyle Of Zulu Girls And Women

1 hours ago

115 🔥

Ladies: Know The Lifestyle Of Zulu Girls And Women

Open your spiritual eyes with honey and this bible verse in just 14 days.

1 hours ago

108 🔥

Open your spiritual eyes with honey and this bible verse in just 14 days.

Meet The Tribe That Tradition Do Not Allow Them To Wear Cloth But Uses Leaves, See Some Pictures.

1 hours ago

84 🔥

Meet The Tribe That Tradition Do Not Allow Them To Wear Cloth But Uses Leaves, See Some Pictures.

Are You Aware That Drinking Sugarcane Juice May Help You Lose Weight? Examine The Motives

2 hours ago

0 🔥

Are You Aware That Drinking Sugarcane Juice May Help You Lose Weight? Examine The Motives

Another Strange and Scary looking Creature that was Discovered... Monkfish

6 hours ago

16 🔥

Another Strange and Scary looking Creature that was Discovered... Monkfish

Beautiful Smiles From A Girl After Surgery To Straighten Her Bowlegs, See Reactions On Facebook

9 hours ago

306 🔥

Beautiful Smiles From A Girl After Surgery To Straighten Her Bowlegs, See Reactions On Facebook

3 Clear Signs That A Girl Has Fallen for You(Read More)

9 hours ago

37 🔥

3 Clear Signs That A Girl Has Fallen for You(Read More)

Married Woman Nadia Bauri displays her raw backside and melon on social media

10 hours ago

6877 🔥

Married Woman Nadia Bauri displays her raw backside and melon on social media

COMMENTS