The term 'Special Educational Needs' is used to describe learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for children to learn than most children of the same age. Children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) are likely to need extra or different help from that given to other children their age.
Special needs students should be included in the regular schools to avoid stigmatization, in an inclusive classroom, children with disabilities have the opportunity to experience what it's like to be considered normal enough to learn in a regular classroom environment, they are inspired by the positive performances of their peers, and they rise to the higher expectations of their teachers.
Why Should the special needs students be included in regular classrooms
Students with disabilities add to the diversity of the classroom. Diversity enriches our lives. Biodiversity adds new medicines, cultural diversity provides new ideas, and what I’m calling ‘’neurodiversity’’ adds new possibilities that make for a more interesting classroom. How boring it would be if every student looked and acted the same in school.
Students with disabilities bring new strengths into the classroom. Unfortunately, all too often we focus on what children with disabilities lack when we should be paying attention to what they do well. New research is emerging on a yearly basis regarding the many strengths of those with disabilities including high spatial ability for many kids with dyslexia, creative thinking in students with ADHD, systemic capabilities (such as excellence with computers) among those with autism spectrum disorders, and personal charm and human warmth in many students with intellectual abilities such as Down syndrome.
Students with disabilities do better when in a setting where more is expected of them. We know from the “”Pygmalion in the Classroom’’ experiments that when teachers expect more from students their achievement goes up, and the reverse is true as well. When students are excluded from regular classrooms and placed in enclosed ‘’special ed’’ classrooms, the potential for stigmatization, ridicule, and self-condemnation are heightened, and teachers tend to treat these students as less able compared with so-called normal children.
In an inclusive classroom, children with disabilities have the opportunity to experience what it’s like to be considered normal enough to learn in a regular classroom environment, they are inspired by the positive performances of their peers, and they rise to the higher expectations of their teachers.
Special needs children should be included fully in regular classrooms, Children with disabilities’ brains develop stronger neural connections in a richer learning environment.
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