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Research work done at Jentil by Education Students of University for Development Studies. Wa Campus

georgeyaw
By georgeyaw | self meida writer
Published 14 days ago - 22 views

           FACULTY OF EDUCATION

                           Brief history of Jentilpe R/C School

The Jentilpe R/C primary school was established in the year 1961.The school was operating under trees for about 13 years until the later put up a temporal structure for studies. It was first headed by Mr. Afianyo with a total number of 56 pupils. That is 20 boys and 36girls.Because of the increase in the enrollment, the government added them with another temporal structure. In 2015/2016 academic year the government built nice (9) permanent classrooms block for the school.

The Jentilpe Junior High School was established in 1993.

             GOAL, MISSION AND VISION OF THE SCHOOL

GOAL: To make sure that the school is the best performing primary school in the district.

MISSION: To make sure that every school going age in the community attend school.

VISION: To make sure that the pupils perform better at least 95% and become future leaders.

                    FORMAL SCHOOL STATISTICS

The 2018/2019 enrolment figures for Primary School and Junior High School are 328 and 98 respectively. The primary school has one hundred and sixty-three (163) boys and one hundred and sixty-six (166) girls while the Junior High School has fifty-eight (58) boys and forty (40) girls.

The table below shown the statistics of both Primary and JHS. 

LEVEL

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL


KG1

33

27

60


KG2

20

23

43


P1

21

17

38


P2

15

15

30


P3

19

23

42


P4

18

22

40


P5

15

20

35


P6

21

19

40


162

166

328


LEVEL

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL


JHS 1

20

14

34


JHS 2

21

9

30


JHS 3

17

17

34


58

40

98


During the year, both Primary and JHS recorded one (1) dropout each. The current enrolment figure for the Primary School is three hundred and twenty-seven (327) while the JHS has ninety-seven (97).

  The Primary School has seven (7) trained teachers. Three (3) of them are males and four (4) are females. The Junior High School has four (4) trained teachers. Three (3) of them are males and one (1) female.

The table below shown the number of teachers in Jentilpe R/C Primary School and Junior High School.

SCHOOL

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL


Primary

3

4

7


Junior High

3

1

4


6

5

11


     TEACHER-PUPILS RATIO FOR BOTH PRIMARY SCHOOL AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL.

Teacher-pupils ratio =


                  =

                   = 46.7

Therefore, the teacher-pupils ratio for the Primary School is 1:47. This means that every teacher handles forty-seven (47) pupils in a class. The primary school still need teachers.

   Teacher-pupils ratio for JHS =

                            = 24.3

Therefore, the teacher-pupils ratio for Junior High School is 1:24. This means that every teacher handles twenty-four (24) pupils in a class.

   Dropout Rate for Primary = 

                          = 

                         = 0.31%

  Dropout Rate for Junior High School = 

                                  = 1.03%

Completion Rate for JHS = 

                      = 

                      = 34.02%

Therefore, thirty-four percent (34%) of the pupils completed Junior High School in 2018/2019 academic year.

                      FORMAL SCHOOL ACTIVITIES

Attendance and Punctuality of staff and pupils.

Members of staff are always regular and punctual. They dedicate to their work as teachers. Pupils are always punctual to school due to the strict rules of the school. The rule is, if a student absent himself or herself up to three days without any proper reason, will be withdrawn from the school.

          School Performance

Generally, sixty-nine percent of the pupils are performing well.

          Mode of Assessment

Pupils are assessed using continuous assessment, group work, register, class exercises, homework and end of term exams.

Staff are also assessed by using lesson note, attendance register, pupil’s performance and lesson observation.

        Monitory and Supervision

Monitory and supervision of the school is very poor. Since we came to the community we have never seen any external supervisor from Ghana Education Service to come for supervision.

 Community Participation, PTA, SMC and CBO in the management of the school.

    Community Participation;

We discovered that, the community participation in the school activities is little. The community devotes much of their time on farming activities rather than the management of the school.

       P.T.A;

In the course of our research, we discovered that, the Parents Teacher’s Association in the community do not have enough funds to support the school. The PTA only support the school with foodstuff during the time of sport. The most challenging issue of the PTA is that, most of the parents do not attend PTA meetings. Especially, during the raining season they do not tend up for PTA meetings.

Volunteerism;

During our research, we realized that, the community was having two volunteer teachers who were helping the school in the community but currently they quit because the community does not appreciate their effort towards the school and more to the point they do not get compensation.

 S.M.C

During our research, we observed that the community is having a School management committee in the community but they fail to undertake their duties as it is expected from them. The SMC in the community is not working effectively to contribute to the development of the school.   

C.B.O

The community does not have Community Based Organization.

 External Support

During our survey, we notice that the school was supported with thirty-five (35) desktop computers from NASCO. 


             NON-FORMAL SCHOOL ACTIVITIES

Jentilpe community also has non-formal education called Complementary Basic Education (CBE). It started in 12th September, 2010 with a total number of seventeen (17) people. Eleven (11) of them were boys and six (6) of them were girls. The facilitator who started the program was called Mr. Mahamadu Edward. The mission of the program was to make sure that any child of school going age who is not in school, is sent to the formal school after a one-year training. 

The students are examined at the end of the year and are placed into formal school base on their performance. The program has helped the students and not less than two hundred and eighteen (218) are in Junior High School and Senior High School.

The program collapsed due to poor payment of salary and low attendance.

Also, the community has Adult Education, which is normally led by Mr. Kpate Wiizi Amos, (the Primary Headteacher). The mission of the program is to ensure that Vagla Language is practiced in school as Ghanaian language. It has now extended to the primary school.

    POTENTIALS AND PROBLEMS OF THE SCHOOL

Below are some of the potentials identified in the school;

 Qualified teachers

Computer Lab

Availability of water

Availability of library

Availability of kitchen

Availability of teachers’ bungalows 

Below are some of the educational issues identified in the school;

No school feeding program

Inadequate textbooks

Inadequate furniture

Lack of sport’s equipment

  ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL ISSUES USING PAIRWISE RANKING.

          Appendices

School feeding program……………………………………A

Furniture…………………………………………………………...B

Textbooks…………………………………………………………...c 

Sport Equipment…………………………………………………D

                       PAIRWISE RANKING


A

B

C

D

Frequency

Rank


A

X

A

A

A

3

1st 


B


X

C

B

1

3rd


C


X

C

2

2nd


D


X

0

4th


 From the table above, the most pressing need of the school is school feeding program. It has the highest frequency. 

        SWOT ANALYSIS ON THE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES IN RELATION TO EDUCATION.

DEVELOPMENTAL

ISSUES

STRENGTHS

WEAKNESSES

OPPORTUNITY

THREATS


School feeding program 

Availability of kitchen.

Availability of foodstuff.

Availability of labour (cooks) from the community members to support the project.

Inadequate funds from the community to support the project.

Support from government, NGOs and any other volunteers.


Delay in the release of funds and support from government.


Textbooks

Availability of library.

Inadequate funds to buy textbooks

Support from government and NGOs

Ignorance on the part of government to provide textbooks.


Furniture

Availability of trees for furniture.

Availability of labour from the community.

Lack of skilled personnel and commitment from the community members.

Funds from government and NGO.

Support from Philanthropists.

Inability of government to provide the school with furniture.


7.0  DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTION (PROPOSAL)

7.1 Development issue of Jentilpe  R/C Primary School is school feeding program. They do not enjoy school feeding program which other schools do enjoy. As a result of that, pupils do not concentrate in class when lesson is ongoing. Others run back home to find food to eat. When they do not find anything to eat, they refuse to turn back to school. This affects their academic performance. 

Proposal: provision of school feeding program for Jentilpe R/C primary school. The school has kitchen already. We are therefore, appealing to the community members, stakeholders, NGOs and any other volunteers to support this project (school feeding program) to come into existence. Provision of school feeding program will go a long way to improve pupils’ academic performances. 

One of the educational issues that was identified last year has been solved. The school was lacking computers for ICT practical. NASCO has provided them with thirty-five (35) desktop computers. Now the school has computer laboratory. 

School feeding program which has not yet been executed and therefore need to be addressed. 

7.2 Goal: the ultimate desire of this proposal is to help Jentilpe Pupils to achieve academic excellence in a holistic manner.

7.3 Objective; to provide school feeding program for Jentilpe Primary School by the end of 2018/2019 academic year.

7.4 OPERATIONALIZATION OF THE PROPOSAL

Logical frame work is a document that gives an overview of the objectives, activities and resources of a project. It also provides information about external elements that may influence the project, called assumptions.

 The table below shows the logical frame work of the project.

SUMMARY OF OBJECTIVE/ACTIVITIES

OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDECATION (OVI)

MEANS/SOURCE OF VERIFICATION

IMPORTANCE ASSUMPTION


GOAL: To help Jentilpe pupils to achieve academic excellence.

Improvement in pupils’ performances.

Interviews, observation and questionnaires.

Devote more time to studies.


OBJECTIVE: To provide school feeding program for Jentilpe R/C primary school by the end of 2018/ 2019 academic year.

Through the willingness of the community members to support the project.

Interviews and observation.

Pupils concentrate in class when their basic needs like [food] are achieved.


EXPECTED OUTPUTS: To enhance academic performance

Improvement in pupils’ performance through the execution of school feeding program.

Data collected from the school. (class exercises, class test and end of term results)

More people will be encouraged to attend school when school feeding program is provided.


ACTIVITIES: To provide school feeding program. To educate community members the importance of school feeding program.

Positive attitude towards the execution of school feeding program.

Interviews, community forum and the data collected.

Availability of school feeding program will enhance pupils’ performance and enrollment.


ACTIVITY PLANING MATRIX

ACTIVITY 

OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS(OVI)

MEANS OF VERIFICATION (MOV)

TIME FRAME

INPUTS 

OUTPIUTS

RESPONSIBILTY


School feeding program 

The community is willing to support it.

School statistics and interviews

End of 2018/2019 academic year

Funds, foodstuff and labour.

Improve pupils’ performance

Government, community and NGOs


 7.5    PROPOSED BUDGET

ACTIVITY 

INPUT DESCRIPTION

QUANTITY

UNIT COST

TOTAL COST


School feeding program for Jentilpe R/C primary school

Bag of rice


4


GHC 100.00


GHC 400.00


Bag of maize


1


GHC 160.00


GHC 160.00


tubers of yams


100


GHC 2.00


GHC 200.00


bag of gari


1


GHC 200.00


GHC 200.00


bag of beans


1


GHC 400.00


GHC 400.00


ingredients


1


GHC 500.00


GHC 500.00


labour(cooks)


3


GHC 100.00


GHC 300.00


TOTAL


GHC1462.00


GHC 2160.00


From the above proposed budget, Jentilpe R/C Primary School need about two -thousand one hundred and sixty Ghana Cedi (GHC 2160) to start with the feeding program.

SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES (ENVIRONMENT, GENDER, ECONOMIC, CULTURAL, VALUES AND PRINCIPLES, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION, ETC)

  Sustainability can be explained as the ability of a project to maintain its operations, services and benefits to the current generation and also to the future generation. It should not compromise the ability of the future generation to meet their needs whiles serving the needs of the current population.

Sustainability of every project is one of the most vital and crucial/critical components in the lifespan of any project. A sustained project helps beneficiaries to make more good use of the project for a longer period. when we talk of sustainability, it is very essential to talk about the environment, gender, economic, culture values as well as community participation.

   Jentilpe R/C school when provided with school feeding program, will need the following sustainability measures to sustain the feeding program without any problem.

Community participation; the bottom up approach to the project planning and implementation was employed in the provision of school feeding program. The community was kept on the driving seat and actively participated in the decision-making process of the project. They pledge their commitment and promised to contribute their quota in the form of foodstuff and funds for the execution of the project. The above stated commitment will boost their sense of ownership and encourage effective management of the project to ensure it endurance over time.

                 CULTURAL VALUES

Culture which is a way of life of a people is very important in development.

Culture and development are intertwined, any society that abandons its culture in pursuit of other renders itself vulnerable to domination by others. The people of Jentilpe community have a rich culture that promotes unity and obedience. They have respect, honesty, hospitality, hardworking and modesty as their values. These values and cultural traits can be tapped to enhance the organization execution and sustenance of the project.

                    ECONOMIC ISSUES

Education forms an important determinant of the quality of manpower. As such, the educational level of the population to some extent, reflects the level of socio-economic development of the community. The provision of the school feeding program will help to improve the academic performance pupils in the community. It would also increase school enrollment rate and reduce the drop-out rate in the community. With reference to the above, people will strive to have their wards educated provided the means are available. This zeal will encourage people to support the implementation and sustenance of the project in the school and community as a whole.

                      


  GENDER ISSUES

Gender equality entail the conditions of fairness between males and females leading to a situation in which each has equal status, right levels of responsibility and access to power and resources. The gender analysis conducted in the community revealed that men and women have almost equal access to resource but women are denied equity in control. Men are the most active in decision making but women are responsible for a chunk of household responsibilities. In pursuit of sustainability of the project, there is a need to encourage the involvement of women in decision making process.

                      ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Environments plays a vital role in the provision of school feeding in the community/school. The community as well as the school has a good and conducive environment which when the school feeding program is provided will lead to serious concentration of pupils in the class. Generally, our analysis of the sustainability issues surrounding the provision of school feeding program revealed about 95% of the sustainability assurance from the populace which is positive.

                              CONCLUSION

 In summary, Jentilpe R/C school (Primary and Junior High) has a total enrollment of four hundred and twenty-five (425) pupils. Some methodologies employed during our research include transect walk, questionnaires, community forum, observation, focus group discussion and interview. The tool used by the group to analyzed the data include pairwise ranking, SWOT analysis and logical framework. The most pressing need of the school is school feeding program.

The school in the community has the following as some of the problems and potentials.

 Problems emanating from the community profile


                                                                                                            


Potentials emanating from the community profile;

 

The above problems and potentials when critically examined will lead to the development of the school and make teaching and learning very effective. We strongly hope that the government of Ghana, stakeholders, donor agencies, community members, and SMCs in the community will come to the aid of Jentilpe R/C school for the necessary support. It will be much prudential if this proposal is giving the intended support and implementation to promote the educational status of the people in the community and mold intellectuals in the community and also improve upon the literacy rate.

                         RECOMMENDATIONS

 After an in-depth study of the situation on the field, the group recommend the following to the Government, Stakeholders, NGOs, Individuals, Investors, co-operate bodies, Donors, and Agencies to assist the school in the community in the various ways;

The provision of school feeding program

The provision of textbooks

The provision of sports equipment

Regular renovation and maintenance should be carried out in other to ensure sustainability of the project

All parents and children in the community should be educated on the importance of education to their lives.

District Assembly, NGOs, GES and other development agencies should come to the aid of the school and support them.

The community members should be willing to contribute financially to support the project.

We strongly suggest that the district assembly should provide the school with dual desk.

Parents should resist using their wards for farming activities program.

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