Sign in
Download Opera News App

Politics Policy

 

Politics

 

Africa politics

2020 Likely BECE Questions; Social Studies

ESSAY


1 hour


Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.


Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material


All questions carry equal marks


PART I


GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY


Answer one question only from this part


1. (a) What is a political party?


(b) Outline four ways in which political parties are important in the practice of democracy


(c) Mention two problems facing political parties in Ghana


2.(a) What is human rights abuse?


(b) State three reasons why people suffer human rights abuses


(c) Explain four ways by which human rights abuses may be prevented.


PART II


OUR ENVIRONMENT


Answer one question only from this part


3. (a) Describe the following terms:


(i) source


(ii) confluence (iii) tributary (iv) mouth


(b) In what four ways are rivers important in Ghana?


(c) State two ways by which our water bodies can be protected.


4. (a) Outline five features of the rain forest


(b)State any five benefits of the rain forest


PART III


SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT


Answer one question only from this part


5. (a) (b) State four causes of high birth rate in Ghana.


In what four ways can high birth rate be reduced in Ghana?


6.(a) What is human resource?


(b)Explain three factors which can negatively affect human resource in Ghana


(c) Describe four measures that can be taken to improve human resource in Ghana.


SOCIAL STUDIES 2


SOLUTIONS


ESSAY


PART I


GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY


1. (a) A political party


An organization that seeks to win and maintain political power within government


Or:


A group of people with similar ideas on how a nation should be governed and whose aim is to win and maintain political power


(b) Ways in which political parties are important in the practice of democracy


(i) They help to ensure good governance by the ruling government


(ii) They help with public education on various issues


(iii) They help to promote national unity


(iv) They train/ groom individuals for political leadership


(c) Mention two problems facing political parties in Ghana


(i) Low financial strength (insufficient funds) (ii) Tribalism / ethnicity


2. (a) What is human rights abuse?


The violation / breach of the rights and freedoms of an individual


(b) Reasons why people suffer human rights abuses


(i) Ignorance (lack of knowledge) of the individual


(ii) Fear of consequences


(iii) Illiteracy of the individual


(c) Ways by which human rights abuses may be prevented.


(i) Increased public education


Many people do not even know their human rights. The ignorance facilitates the abuse of


their rights by others. Education by government agencies and other bodies is therefore necessary to reduce the levels of abuse or even prevent it. The education must include


– what one‟s human rights are,


– how to prevent abuse of one‟s rights by others,


– steps to take in case of abuse


– measures to forestall future occurrences


(ii) Strengthening of our democratic and governmental institutions and agencies Institutions such as DOVVSU, CHRAJ, the Ghana Police Service and the law courts must be strengthened, equipped and empowered to deal with human rights abuse cases more effectively and swiftly.


(iii) Improving access to both formal and non-formal education


The high levels of illiteracy also contribute to the general ignorance of human rights. Where people are able to read and understand text on their own, it facilitates quicker and easier gaining of knowledge of human rights and other issues. It is therefore necessary to improve access to both formal and non-formal education.


(iv) Modification of cultural practices which tend to infringe on human rights


Certain cultural practices or aspects of them that infringe on human rights must be either changed or modified. Some of these practices are puberty rites, widowhood rites, forced marriages, female genital mutilation, etc. Certain aspects, of these practices, which are painful, shameful, humiliating or dehumanising must be either stopped or modified to more acceptable forms, which do not infringe on one‟s human rights


PART II


OUR ENVIRONMENT


3. (a) Description of the following terms:


(i) Source


the original point from which the river flows


or:


the starting point of a river


(ii) Confluence


The meeting place of two rivers or streams


Or


Where a river (or stream) joins another river


(iii) Tributary


A stream (or river) that joins a larger stream (or river)


(iv) Mouth


The place where a stream or river enters a sea or lake


(b) Ways in which rivers are important in Ghana


(i) Means of Transportation


-Canoes, boats, ferries, etc are used to transport persons and goods on certain rivers.


(ii) Source of water for domestic purposes


– People fetch water from rivers for domestic uses, such as bathing, cooking, washing, and drinking. The Ghana Water Company also gets water from our rivers for treatment and supply as potable water


(iii) Source of water for industrial purposes


– Certain industries rely on water from rivers for some of their industrial operations


(iv) Source of food (fish / protein)


– Fishermen in Ghana obtain fish from our rivers


(c) Ways by which our water bodies can be protected.


(i) Planting many trees along the river banks


(ii) Government agencies ensuring that people do not pollute the rivers by throwing waste into them.


4. (a) Some features of the rain forest


(i) The trees are arranged in 3 layers – top, middle and lower storeys.


(ii) The trees have buttress roots that hold them firmly in the ground


(iii) The trees are evergreen throughout the year


(iv) The top storey trees are tall and have inter-locking canopies that block sunlight from reaching the lower parts of the forest


(v) The middle storey trees are of medium height and have thick trunks, and many branches and leaves.


(b) Benefits of the rain forest


(i) Provides timber, which serves as raw material for both local and foreign wood industries


(ii) The nation obtains foreign exchange from the export of timber, which is gotten from the rain forest.


(iii) Raw materials for the crafts industry, eg, cane for basket weaving.


(iv) Most of the trees are use for medicinal purposes (as herbs)


(v) Serves as a habitat for wild animals and other living organisms


PART III


SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT


5. (a) Causes of high birth rate in Ghana.


(i) Early marriage (usually of girls)


(ii) Poverty


(iii) Ignorance of dangers of unplanned child bearing


(iv) Extra-marital sexual relationships


(b) Ways in which high birth rate can be reduced in Ghana?


(i) Intensification of the girl-child education campaign


(ii) Setting up of wealth creation projects


(iii) Public education on unplanned parenting must be intensified


(iv) Married couples must be encouraged to stay faithful


6. (a) What is human resource?


The skills, abilities and knowledge of human population which can be employed to do a


particular work


Or


The human population who have certain skills and knowledge, who can be /are employed to work.


(b) Factors which can negatively affect human resource in Ghana


(i) Undemocratic leadership /administrative style


– The non-involvement of workers in policy and decision-making could create a


sense of apathy (lack of concern) in workers, which make them less diligent at work.


(ii) Accidents, epidemics and natural disasters


– These could compel workers and prospective workers to lose precious working hours which could have been used for something productive. They can also cause deaths, and hence a reduction of the needed human resource for production.


(iii) Unfair wages and salaries


– Wages and salaries that are not equitable (with respect to the work people), discourage workers from putting in their best.


(c) Measures that can be taken to improve human resource in Ghana


(i) Training and retraining


– Staff of institutions and other bodies must be given in-service training on a continuous basis in order to update their knowledge, sharpen their skills and positively improved their work attitudes. This would promote efficiency and higher productivity.


(ii) High quality and specialized education


– Students must be educated in specialized areas that are relevant to the current economic environment, rather than being given mere classical and theoretical lessons/lectures, which may not be beneficial enough to them nor to the nation.


(iii) Improved working conditions


– The conditions under which employees work should be significantly improved in order to bring out the best in them. These conditions include the physical, social and political (work policies) environments


(iv) Opportunities for further studies


Organization must create opportunities, scholarship schemes and sponsorships for further studies for their staff based on specified criteria. These would greatly motivate workers to work harder in order to meet the criteria for sponsorship or scholarship awards.

Content created and supplied by: Kwabena9 (via Opera News )

Ghana Social

COMMENTS

Load app to read more comments