Following the recent WAEC paper leakages brouhaha, this article seeks to address critically whether the monopoly of WAEC in Ghana should be broken or remain as it is.
WAEC And Their Duties
The West African Examination Council popularly known as WAEC is an examination board that was established in 1952 by law to determine the examinations required in the public interest in the English-speaking West African countries, to conduct the examinations and to award certificates comparable to those of equivalent examining authorities internationally.
It has conducted many examinations for 69 years. They say with old age comes experience yet now WAEC's credibility for many years is at stake as continuous leakages of examination papers has become the order of the day. The Multi million dollar question one may ask is why is paper leakages so prevalent now? Do outsiders leak the examination papers?
Accusations of WAEC In Their Duties
Recently the African Education Watch (Eduwatch) challenged WAEC that the 2020 WASSCE Integrated Science paper leaked and that the examination results was not a true reflection of students performance. WAEC didn't take that report easy and treatned to sue Eduwatch over such allegations.
Unfortunately, recently in this September 2021, WAEC themselves has confirmed leakages of some papers in the ongoing examination. Physics and Business Management examination papers were even postponed. The only examination in Ghana, WAEC went further to reveal the arrest of a suspected Apor (question leakage) dealer. This somehow seems to confirm what the African Education Watch said earlier.
Who Leaks The Examinations?
WAEC is a credible examinations body and has employed many permanent and temporary workers. For examination leakages to occur, it is difficult for outsiders or non WAEC workers to be the culprits. The culprits are either the permanent or temporary officials of WAEC. It is the duty of WAEC to monitor and employ trusted and credible persons who will ensure no examination papers are leaked. So if the employees of WAEC are leaking the questions themselves, then WAEC must be held responsible for leakages of papers.
Should There Be Another Examination Body To Compete With WAEC?
To answer the question, let's look at our neighbor country first, Nigeria. They have other national examination bodies apart from WAEC. They include National Examinations Council (NECO), National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB) and Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) yet leakages in WAEC examination is reported there.
This means setting up another examination body to compete WAEC is not the solution. There must be other way forward like serialization of WASSCE papers, Exclusive monitoring of WAEC Employees, Serious punishment meted on WAEC officials found guilty of Examination leakages. For now breaking WAEC monopoly in Ghana is not the way out.
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