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Standards-based Curriculum in Ghana Education Service

Curriculum is defined: planned learning experiences with intended outcomes while recognizing the importance of possible unintended outcomes. There are three types of curriculum

Explicit (stated curriculum)

Hidden (unofficial curriculum)

Absent or null (excluded curriculum)

standards-based curriculum refers explicitly to specific knowledge, learning experiences to gain that knowledge, and assessments to check for mastery of that knowledge, developed by looking at the standards of a district, state, or nation.

The idea behind standards-based curriculum is to set clear standards for what we want students to learn and to use those academic standards to drive other changes in the system and for life -long learning and living.


By adopting and following standards, and informing students of their goals, administrators can hold teachers and students accountable for classroom progress. Standards-based instruction guides planning and instruction and helps teachers keep their focus on the learning target.


The new system places more focus on proper literacy and numeracy as they are the pillars of all advanced studies. The GES new curriculum is standard-based, meaning that every student or learner ought to demonstrate competency and mastery of knowledge.

Under the new curriculum, the following important features must be noted;

At KG, the number of learning areas is to be reduced from seven (7) to four (4) which are integrated into themes. 

At Lower and Upper Primary, the number of subjects remains the same. 

Introduction of standards-based curriculum.

Every aspect of the curriculum should have a clear objective or end goal to achieve. 

A good curriculum is not rigid- it allows room for flexibility, monitoring and evaluation by administration. It should provide sufficient scope for the cultivation of unique skills, interest, attitudes and appreciations

In my view, an effective curriculum increases students' understanding about the world around them and prepares them to live in the 21st century. It enlarges students' experience and sharpens their awareness


By Nedved 

Content created and supplied by: Nedved (via Opera News )

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