Within the educational sphere, Ghana has initiated numerous educational reforms. These reforms can be traced to the colonial era. A critical analysis of the various educational reforms suggests that there is nothing new under the sun of education in recent times.
Analytically, the country’s major educational challenge does not lie in determining or adopting an educational model that befits the demands of the country, but lies in the ‘old tradition of abandoning the old reforms and adopting a new reform’. For instance; the ational Liberation Council (NLC) abandoned the educational development plan initiated by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and drafted a whole new educational reform.There is the need for a culture of continuity In the implementation of educational policies and to ensure this, the country needs to draft a constitutional framework of educational system for implementation. This will guide every successive government to pursuing a progressive educational system that meets the demands of Ghanaian society as well as the expectation of citizens.
Also, the highest authorities of tertiary institutions are appointed by government. This affects the autonomous power of university administration. Whenever students demonstrate against university authorities to air their grievances, the government responds by using the power of the purse. On occasion, the university is not able to function because of student protests that have little to do with the responsibilities of the university.
The neglect of TVET owes to the fact that governments over the years have been paying lip service to improving the TVET sector. Most of the policies initiated by various governments are just ritual policies intended to impress electorates for their votes. Such policies do not have an established framework for implementation.
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