One spring day, when the weather becomes warm, pay a visit to a garden or a green field. You will observe swarms of small insects, bees, flies, butterflies and tiny mosquitoes flying here and there, from one flower to the next, and from one branch to the other.
They are so involved in their activities it seems as if a stern supervisor commanded them to move about. Their wings and feet are smeared with yellow-coloured pollen, these insects resemble factory workers who diligently work in their workshop.But their mission is so worthy that professor Leon Burton writes on their job and function: "Few people realize that without insects our baskets would remain empty." We would like to add to his statement the following observation: "And during the next generations our gardens, orchards, and fields would lose their freshness and vigour." Thus, we could say that insects are the true growers of fruits and patrons of flower seeds.
You might ask for the reason. Insects are deemed crucial for one of their most vital functions related to plants, i.e., fertilization. You probably know that flowers, like most animals, have either male or female organs. Without the contact between these two organs, seeds and fruits would not be produced. But have you ever thought about how these two organs together contact each other when plants themselves cannot move? How does the male pollens which acts like sperm integrate with the little seeds that act like ovules and bring about their fertilization?This is done, in most cases, by insects and at times by the wind. But the issue is not to be taken lightly. This auspicious marriage, which is initiated by insects, has had a long and interesting history and background. According to the findings of two scholars of the natural sciences, plants and flowers were created during the second half of the second geological age, i.e. during the Mesozoic period. Strange to say, insects were also created during this era.
These two creatures have lovingly lived side by side as two intimate friends during the whole history of creation and have always completed each other. To attract their friends, flowers have produced delicious juice inside their rosebushes. And when insects try to move the male pollen to the flowers' female organs to let fertilization take place, they get some of this juice free of charge. This precious juice is so palatable for insects that they are involuntarily attracted toward it. Some botanists contend that the beautiful colour and scents of flowers play a significant role in attracting insects.Experiments on bees have shown that they can distinguish between the different colours and scents of flowers. It is the flowers that decorate themselves for the insects. In this way, they attract magnificent butterflies and bees. In this transaction, both sides benefit. The sweet nectar produced is the most perfect food for insects. When concentrated, this juice is called honey. This is because when insects come to visit the flowers they drink some of this juice.
When they leave, they take most of this reserved juice and store it in their nests. This friendship, which is based on mutual benefit, has always been and will continue to exist between flowers and insects. When we see these wonderful aspects of the life of insects and flowers, we might be tempted to ask ourselves the following question: Who has arranged this contract of friendship between flowers and insects? Who has provided flowers with this special nectar? Who has given them these breath-taking colours and scents?
Who has provided these insects, butterflies, and bees with such delicate legs to carry the pollen from the flowers? Why is it that bees have become fond of a special flower? How is it that the life histories of flowers and insects coincide with each other? Could anybody, however obstinate he might be, believe that all these events have occurred haphazardly without any planning?Could we believe that these wonderful natural sights have been created by an unconscious nature? Never could this have happened! The Holy Qur'an states: “And your Lord revealed to the bee saying; Make hives in the mountains, in the trees, and in what they build: Then eat of all the fruits and walk in the ways of your Lord submissively.”
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