Unlike chili peppers where you have to put on gloves to protect your skin from a chili burn, reach out for a drink to calm the heat in the buccal cavity after eating it, this is not so with bell peppers. Why is it not so if they are in the same scientific classification as Cayenne chili peppers and the others? Let's find out why this is so.
It all comes down to a chemical compound called Capsaicin. This chemical is the main reason for which some peppers are spicy and hot and bell peppers are not. The fact here is that, bell peppers do lack "Capsaicin", so they have zero Scoville heat units hence they are at the way bottom of the Scovile Scale. The Scoville heat units was developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1992 to measure heat levels in peppers. Capsaicin attaches itself to the mucous membranes in the human mouth which in turn sends out that fiery sensation. (That is why when we eat chili peppers we begin to feel some heat and burns in our mouths).
The fact that bell peppers may not be spicy and hot does not make them less attractive over hot chilies. Bell peppers also known as sweet peppers have a fruity scent and high water content. Sweet peppers vary in color. Most people are acquainted with the orange, yellow red, and green varieties, nevertheless, there are also purple, brown etc. This type of pepper comes in various shapes: conical; cylindrical; etc and the texture may be smooth or wrinkled.
Whichever way you want to consume your sweet pepper depends on you. You can decide to slice, pickle, grill, sauté or even stuff it.
The health benefits of the bell pepper is that: it is an excellent source of vitamins C and A (two powerful antioxidants). These antioxidants work together to effectively neutralise free radicals which can travel through the body causing huge amounts of damage cells; helps to prevent the build up of cholesterol in the arteries heart diseases, the nerve and blood vessels damage seen in diabetes, the cloudy lenses of cataracts, the joint pain and damage as well as the shrill sound of asthma.
We should always include bell peppers in our meals not because of its fruity scent but because of its nutritional value.
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