When a baby has a condition that is present from birth, it is called a congenital disorder. The impact of congenital disorders can vary from mild to severe and can be due to environmental factors or hereditary. Children with congenital disorders may encounter problems throughout their lifetime.
Genetic tests can be done before pregnancy to confirm whether one has a family history of a particular congenital disorder.
Embryos of parents undergoing in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) can be tested when they are 2 to 4 days old before they are inserted into the uterus.
There are a number of things that can be done to prevent congenital disorders. These include:
* Zero intake of alcohol or not smoking during pregnancy as this can harm the unborn fetus.
* Eating a balanced diet with enough vitamins and minerals as well as folic acid
*Avoiding exposure to environmental chemicals such as pedticides
* Vaccination against Rebulla
* Controlling diabetes or gestational diabetes.
Groundbreaking Discovery (Congenital Blindness)
Tiny brains grown in dishes in a Laboratory in Dusseldorf, Germany have developed their own set of eyes (-primitive eye structures that are able to react to light the same way human embryos do.
This groundbreaking discovery will pave way for scientists to study the origin of congenital (ie.diseases present from birth) blindness and eye diseases. Check out the attached video.
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