A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It's often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities.
A migraine is a common neurological disease that causes a variety of symptoms, most notably a throbbing, pulsing headache on one side of your head. Your migraine will likely get worse with physical activity, lights, sounds or smells. It may last at least four hours or even days. About 12% of Americans have this genetic disorder. Research shows that it’s the sixth most disabling disease in the world.
There are a number of migraine triggers, including:
- Hormonal changes in women. Fluctuations in estrogen, such as before or during menstrual periods, pregnancy and menopause, seem to trigger headaches in many women. ...
- Drinks. ...
- Stress. ...
- Sensory stimuli. ...
- Sleep changes. ...
- Physical factors. ...
- Weather changes. ...
Symptoms of migraine tend to occur in stages:
people experience symptoms that start hours, or possibly days, before the headache. These include physical and sensory symptoms, such as aura.
During the headache: Alongside a mild to severe throbbing or pulsing headache, symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and nasal congestion.
Resolution: Tiredness and irritability may last another 2 days, and this period is sometimes called the “migraine hangover.”
Other common features are:
- head pain that worsens during physical activity or straining
- an inability to perform regular activities due to pain
- increased sensitivity to light and sound that lying quietly in a darkened room relieves
Other Ways You To Prevent Migraine
1. Avoid loud noises and bright lights
Loud noises, flashing lights (for example, strobe lights), and sensory stimulation are common triggers for migraine headaches. These stimuli may be difficult to avoid, but knowing that they occur in certain situations and environments could help. These include:
- driving at night
- being in movie theaters
- attending clubs or crowded venues
- experiencing glare from the sun
Take breaks from the TV or computer screen to rest your eyes, and adjust the brightness levels on digital screens. Pay close attention to all visual and audio disturbances, and make sure you can easily avoid them if a migraine arises.
2. Pay attention to food choices
Certain foods and drinks can initiate headaches, such as:
- red wine
- processed meats
Know which foods and additives bring about a headache for you and learn to avoid them. Foods and drinks with caffeine or alcohol — especially red wines or champagne — are common triggers. Limit the amount you consume during the day, or avoid them altogether if need be.
3. Keep a headache diary
By keeping a diary, you can easily identify your specific migraine triggers. Here are examples of the things you could keep note of:
- what you eat and drink
- your exercise routine and schedule
- the weather
- strong feelings and emotions you may be having
- your medications and their side effects
- times and severity of your headaches
This can help you see a pattern in your migraine occurrences and will make avoiding one easier.
4. Beware of hormonal changes
Hormones play a significant role in terms of migraines. Many women tend to experience more migraine headaches during, or just before, their menstrual period. Women should be especially vigilant with their diet and exercise habits during this time. This will ease symptoms before they begin. According to the Mayo Clinic, oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may increase the frequency and severity of migraines. Some women may find relief by switching to another form of birth control, while others may find they have fewer migraines while taking birth control.
Natural treatment for migraine
- Avoid hot dogs. Diet plays a vital role in preventing migraines. ...
- Apply lavender oil. Inhaling lavender essential oil may ease migraine pain. ...
- Try acupressure. ...
- Look for feverfew. ...
- Apply peppermint oil. ...
- Go for ginger. ...
- Sign up for yoga. ...
- Try biofeedback.
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