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Typhoid Fever: causes, symptoms, prevention

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Typhoid fever is a serious worldwide threat and affects about 27 million or more people each year. The disease is established in India, Southeast Asia, Africa, South America and many other areas. Worldwide, children are at greatest risk of getting the disease, although they generally have milder symptoms than adults do. Typhoid fever is a major cause of illness and death in overcrowded and unsanitary urban conditions of Ghana and even Africa as a whole.


What causes Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid fever is caused by dangerous bacteria called Salmonella typhi. Salmonella typhi is related to the bacteria that cause salmonellosis, another serious intestinal infection, but they aren't the same.


What are the symptoms of Typhoid Fever?

  • Fever that starts low and increases daily, possibly reaching as high as 104.9 F (40.5 C)
  • Headache
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweating
  • Dry cough
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Rash
  • Extremely swollen stomach

How can I prevent Typhoid Fever?

Safe drinking water, improved sanitation and adequate medical care can help prevent and control typhoid fever. Unfortunately, in many developing nations, these may be difficult to achieve. For this reason, some experts believe that vaccines are the best way to control typhoid fever. A vaccine is recommended if you live in or are traveling to areas where the risk of getting typhoid fever is high.


How can I treat Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are treated with antibiotics.


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Africa India South America Southeast Asia Typhoid Fever

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