Sign in
Download Opera News App

Health

 

Health Living

 

Disease prevention and treatment

Coronary Heart Disease: Warning Signs, Risk Factors And Things You Can Do To Prevent It

Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary artery disease (CAD), is a serious condition caused by plaque buildup in the arteries of the heart.

Coronary arteries (which are normally smooth and elastic) are the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. When plaque (cholesterol deposits) builds up on their inner walls, however, it can stiffen and narrow them. This reduces blood flow to your heart muscle, preventing it from receiving the oxygen it requires.

A heart attack, stroke, or sudden cardiac death could occur if the plaque breaks off.

What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Coronary Heart Disease?

Wikipedia is responsible for this image.

Reduced blood flow may not cause any symptoms at first. However, as plaque builds up in your coronary arteries, you may experience the following signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease:

*Chest ache (angina)

*Excessive gasping for air

*Pain or discomfort in the shoulders, neck, abdominal (belly), and/or back.

*Lightheadedness and dizziness

*Nausea

*Weakness.

However, not everyone experiences the same symptoms, and some people may not experience any at all before being diagnosed with coronary heart disease.

What Are the Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease?

Knowing the risk factors for CHD can help you devise a strategy for preventing or reducing the disease's occurrence. The following are some of the risk factors:

*Age group (getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries).

*Having hypertension, or high blood pressure.

*Having a high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad" cholesterol, and a low level of HDL, or "good" cholesterol.

*Having diabetes, a condition in which the body's ability to eliminate sugar from the bloodstream is impaired.

*Eating habits that are unhealthy.

Obesity is being overweight.

*Smoking, which causes inflammation and cholesterol buildup in the coronary arteries.

*Drinking too much booze.

*You have a lot of stress in your life.

*Insufficient physical activity.

*Having a family history of heart disease, especially having heart illness at a young age, increases your risk of CHD (50 or younger).

What Can You Do To Reduce Your CHD Risk?

1. Eat a heart-healthy diet: A diet rich in fruits and vegetables, lean meats, nuts, beans, fish, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help protect your heart, lower blood pressure, and lower your risk of type 2 diabetes.

Conversely, limit your intake of salt, sugar, processed foods, saturated fat (found in red meat and full-fat dairy products), and trans fat (found in fried fast food, chips, baked goods)

2. Increase your physical activity: This will strengthen your heart and lower your risk of heart disease.

3. Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight can lead to conditions that increase your risk of heart disease.

4. Quit smoking: Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood, raising your blood pressure and heart rate as your heart works harder to supply enough oxygen to your body and brain.

5. Limit your alcohol consumption: Women should have no more than one drink per day, and men should have no more than two drinks per day.

6. Maintain a healthy blood pressure: Take your blood pressure medication and eat a healthy diet to help lower your blood pressure.

7. Maintain diabetes control: High blood sugar levels should be closely monitored and, if necessary, brought under control through lifestyle changes or medication.

8. Reduce Stress: Finding new ways to cope with stress, such as physical activity, relaxation exercises, or meditation, can help you live a healthier life.

Content created and supplied by: Brownzy_Writer (via Opera News )

Coronary Heart Disease

COMMENTS

Load app to read more comments