1. Fatty liver, or known in more medical terms as steatosis, is the build up of fat in the liver. Liver has some amount of fat in it, but presence of fat which makes more than 5%-10% of fat in the liver can be a bit dangerous. . It is a common and reversible process and can be changed with some changes in the lifestyle and diet . It may not have any symptoms and doesn’t cause any permanent damage
2. Symptoms of fatty liver:
Certain symptoms of fatty liver may include: Weight loss ,abdominal pain, feeling tired , weakness , nausea, confusion, poor judgement or trouble concentrating.
3. Diagnosis of fatty liver
Techniques to diagnose fatty liver are:
I. Blood tests: Certain liver enzymes might be treated which may be higher than normal. Presence of higher level of such enzymes may denote fatty liver.
II. Ultrasound: Fatty liver may be found by seeing the image of liver in ultrasound. The fat in the liver will be seen as white area.
III. Liver biopsy: A needle will be inserted in to the liver, and a tissue will be taken out for certain tests.
4. There may be many causes of fatty liver, which may include:
Drinking too much alcohol, obesity, hyperlipidemia, or high levels of fat in the body, Diabetes, rapid weight loss, genetic inheritance, side effects of certain medicines, too much iron in the body, hepatitis C (which cause inflammation in the body)
5. Certain risk factors may include:
Being obese or having type 2 diabetes, Malnutrition, Excessive alcohol use, High cholesterol and high triglyceride level ,Taking excessive dose of certain medicines, Metabolic syndrome
6. Treatments of fatty liver: There is no certain treatment of fatty liver. Preventing the risk factors such loosing weight, quitting alcohol, managing cholesterol and sugar level and eating a healthy and balanced diet can help to reduce fatty liver.
7. There are two main types of fatty liver:
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD)-This disease occur by drinking too much of alcohol. As heavy drinking damages the liver, liver can’t breakdown the fat resulting in the accumulation of fat in the liver. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-The cause of this fatty liver is not known, it can caused due to obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol or can be genetic (run into families). But this is not caused due to alcohol. But there are other two types which are: Nonalcoholic steatoheaptitis (NASH)-As the fat build up enough in liver, the liver swells up .The actual cause of the disease is not known and it impairs the liver function.
8. Symptoms of this can include: Appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, yellowing of the skin (Jaundice), abdominal pain, acute fatty liver of pregnancy-Acute fatty liver is the rare condition of pregnancy which can be life threatening. Symptoms begin in third semester, which may include: Persistent nausea and vomiting, general malaise, pain in the upper-right abdomen, paundice Continue:
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