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How the digestive system get affected by hemorroids.

Hi !Thanks for reading this article, i am here to educate you on health related issues and on this article we are learning about how the digestive system can be affected by hemorroids.

Hemorroids are swollen veins located around the anus or lower part of the rectum . About 50 % percentage of people from the ages of 20 to 50 get this condition.

Hemorroids can be internal or external, internal hemorroids devlop within the anus or the lower part of the rectum whiles the external hemorroids are found outside the anus. The external hemorroids are common and troublesome but can be treated.

how Hemorroids affect the digestive system.

the rectum is the section of the digestive tract. Above the anus where stool is held before its process out of the body through the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where stool leaves the body.

The internal usually present with painless, bright red rectal bleeding during or following a bowel movement. The blood typically covers the stool (a condition known as hematochezia) , is on the toilet paper, or drips into the toilet bowl. The stool itself is usually normally coloured.

Other symptoms may include, mucous discharge, a perianal mass if they prolapse through the anus ,itchiness ,or fecal incontinence. Internal hemorroids are usually only painful if they become thrombosed or nercotic .

classification or grading of hemorroids due tp thedegree of prolapse

Grade2: Noprolaps,just prominent blood vessels and only manifest by bleeding.

Grade2:prolapse upon bearjng down but spontaneous reduction.

Grade3:prolapse upon bearing down but requiring manual reduction

Grade4:prolapse with inability to be manually reduced.

causes

1.straining during a bowel movement

2. Complications from chronic constipation

3. Sitting for long peroid of time especially on the toile2

4. A family history of hemorroids

5. Lack of exercise

6.irregular bowel habits ( constipation or diarrhoea)

7. Low fibre diet

8. Increase intre abdominal pressure (prolong straining, intra abdominal mass,or pregnancy)

9. Chronic cough

10.pelvic floor dysfunction

11. Obesity

12. Genetics.

symptoms of hemorroids.

I. Bleeding during defaecation

2. Polypoid swelling around the anus

3. Throbbing pain during defaecation and this indicates that thrombosis of the veins has occurred or that the hemorroids have prolapse which means the anal sphincter has nipple dilated veins

4. Constipation due to fear of pain incurred during the act of defaecation

Mucoid anal discharge and prolaps of piles

Anaemia due to persistent bleeding.

Risk factors

Hemorroids can be passed on genetically from parent to child, so if the parent had Hemorroids, one is more likely to get them . Consistent heavy lifting, being obese ,or having other constant strain on the body can increase the risk of hemorroids.

Diagnostic investigations.

1. History and physical examining

2. Digital rectal examinations

3. Photocopy

4. Sigmoidscopy

5.protoscopy ultrasound.

Treatment for Hemorroids

At the onset of pain apply cold packs to the ano rectal region

2.hot sitz bath are given 3_ 4 x daily

3. Serve bulk forming laxative

4.serve high fibre dietand increase fluid intake to prevent constipation.

5. Administer analgesic as ordered

You can consult your doctor for surgery if it becomes severe.

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Hemorroids

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