Sign in
Download Opera News App

Health

 

Health Living

 

Disease prevention and treatment

The World's Top 5 Deadliest Diseases

Although the coronavirus is rightfully grabbing attention, there are other other infectious diseases that are going around. It's fair to say that the globe is focused on infectious diseases since COVID-19 has placed half of the earth on lockdown.

Second only to COVID-19 in terms of mortality rates, tuberculosis is still one of the deadliest infectious illnesses in the world, and drug-resistant TB strains are still a big issue. Urgent funding is essential in the fight against tuberculosis, particularly given the ongoing pandemic.

The following are the 5 deadliest diseases in the world :

1. Tuberculosis

In 2021, more than 10 million individuals developed tuberculosis (TB), according to the World Health Organization (WHO). 1.5 million people died. Furthermore, although being treatable and avoidable, it continues to be the most common infectious disease-related cause of death. Additionally, it is one of the top five global killers.

2. Measles

Measles is a dangerous, extremely contagious illness that spreads through coughing, sneezing, and close contact. If not already immune, it can live for two hours in the air and is so contagious that up to 90% of those nearby an infected individual would contract the illness. Many children around the world receive a safe and effective vaccine by the time of their first birthday.

3. Malaria

Malaria can be properly handled, as evidenced by history. In Western Europe and the US, it was widespread, but by the middle of the 1930s and 1951, respectively, it had eradicated. However, in 2021, it was anticipated that there would be 314 million cases worldwide and 524,000 deaths; the majority of these (94 percent) would take place in the WHO's Africa area, with children under 5 being the most vulnerable.

4. Influenza

Every year, an influx of influenza, sometimes known as the flu, also appears. And for the majority of folks, the outcome is a few uncomfortable days in bed. However, it can be fatal for those who are in high-risk groups, such as expectant mothers, the elderly, or those who have ongoing medical concerns.

According to the WHO, 3 to 5 million people globally acquire severe flu each year, and up to 650,000 people pass away.

5. Diarrhoeal

Dysentery and cholera may sound like 19th-century killers, but that is unfortunately not how they actually work. Around 525,000 children under the age of five die from diarrheal disease each year; in fact, it is the second most common cause of mortality in young children, right behind acute respiratory infections.

If you want to see more of me, kindly try to spread the word to your friends. Your feedback is also necessary.

Content created and supplied by: Bronzeman (via Opera News )

COVID-19 Tuberculosis WHO World Health Organization

COMMENTS

Load app to read more comments