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Disease prevention and treatment

Risk factors of Heart Attack

Heart Attack also called Myocardial Infarction is a medical emergency which occur when blood flow to the heart muscles is severely reduce or cut off completely due to blockage of an artery supplying blood to the heart muscles causing the affected part to damage or die.

The blockage could be of fats, cholesterol and other substances which form a plague in the arteries which supply blood to the heart muscles. 

Risk factors of Heart Attack/ Myocardial Infarction. 

Some of these factors can’t be changed . Others can be modified to prevent heart attack. These factors include;

Atherosclerosis is the unwanted build up of fatty depositscausing the coronary arteries to become narrowed reducingblood supply to the heart muscles.

Age; Men 45years and older and Women 55years and older are at risk than younger men and women.

Tobacco including smoking and long term exposure tosecondhand smoking  also put a person at a risk of developing heart attack

High blood pressure can damage arteries that leads to the heart

High level of bad cholesterol narrows the arteries supplying blood which contains oxygen to the heart muscles.

Obesity links with high cholesterol, high blood pressure and high triglycerides level which put one at a risk of developing heart attack.

Diabetes; having high blood sugar can damage arteries and nerves that control heart and putting one at risk of developing heart attack

Family history; if you have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes you are at more risk of developing heart attack.

Sex; men are more at risk than women.

Lack of physical activity; being inactive contribute to high cholesterol and obesity. People who exercise regularly have better Healthy health .

Stress also triggers for heart attack.

Excessive consumption of alcohol

Having high blood pressure during pregnancy can increase your life time risk of heart diseases. 


 

 

 

Content created and supplied by: O.jWrite (via Opera News )

Heart Attack Myocardial Infarction

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