SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
This is a hereditary disorder of the blood which is common in Africa and some countries in the Mediterranean region. When both couples carry the SICKLE cell ANEMIA traits their children are likely to suffer from this hereditary disorder. When one of the couples have the gene and the other does not have, the children become carriers but they will not have the SICKLE cell ANEMIA disease. The red blood cells of people with this sickle cells anemia are not normal like others. The shape of the cell does not allow it to pass through the tiny blood vessels to supply every organ of the body with the oxygen it needs . This may damage organs like kidneys,lungs and the brain . Among the symptoms the patients have are severe abdominal pains, pains in the chest and the joints of the body. The urine turns dark like coffee. The whites of the eyes turn yellowish while the patient feels too weak to do what he or she does usually. The patient turns pale and may need blood in severe cases . This occasional occurrence is termed crisis. Sickle cell anemia should always be treated in the clinic if the crisis are very marked. This is one of the blood disorders that every parent should guide against.
How to manage sickle cell anemia is next.
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