It has mostly been perceived that stomach ulcer is as a result of hunger or eating too much pepper but according to a health professional, stomach ulcer is neither caused by hunger nor pepper but it is commonly caused by H. Pylori infection, Abuse of drugs like Ibuprofen or Diclofenac called NSAIDS.
Your stomach secretes an acid known as gastric acid with a pH of less than 3.5 enough to burn through your skin, why doesnt this burn your stomach?
This is because your stomach is protected by a sheet of mucus like substance that protects it from being destroyed by this acid.
When you get infected with H Pylori, it can survive the harsh environment of the stomach by netutralizing the acid around it. It is able to colonise the stomach, sometimes for years, which lead to inflammation and create a chance for acid to reach the stomach wall.
This H Pylori can be gotten from contaminated water, utensils and even from the saliva of infected persons. Many people get this during childhood, but adults can get it too. It can also live in the body for years before symptoms start to show.
Other causes of ulcers are drugs. Some drugs can lead to the breakdown of this protective lining, for example drugs like Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, felvin, etc, abuse of these drugs can lead to stomach ulcer. Some antibiotics can also lead to this condition.
Alcohol also irritates the lining of the stomach but there is little evidence that it may directly lead to ulcers, same for caffeine and smoking. However these things are risk factors, things that make it easier for you to get an ulcer, others are genetic also.
Smoking however, if you already have an H Pylori infection can increase the chances of you getting ulcer, smoking is harmful to the lining of the stomach. Severe stress can also cause ulcer, not talking of traffic stress but having burns, severe illness, brain trauma or injury.
Some uncommon causes are conditions where people secrete a lot of stomach acid. Some of them are when the cells of the stomach are enlarged and hence secrete more acid than the lining can handle.
In simple terms, an ulcer is just a wound on the inside of the stomach. To treat it, you would need to remove what is causing the wound and reduce the acid in the stomach so it can heal.
If the cause is an infection, your doctor will treat that infection with antibiotics and drugs that will reduce the acid and protect your stomach.
There will be tests to confirm that you have an infection and to determine the exact cause of it, then apply the necessary treatments.
Hope this information helped.
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