Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. It is a medical problem that increases your risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain cancers.
Obesity is one of the biggest health problems in the world and it is sometimes very hard to get rid of.
Over the past decades, much research has focused on the causes of obesity and how it could be prevented or treated.
Here are 10 factors that are leading causes of weight gain, obesity, and metabolic disease, many of which have nothing to do with willpower.
1. Genetics: Obesity has a strong genetic component. Children of obese parents are much more likely to become obese than children of lean parents.
The genes you inherit from your parents may affect the amount of body fat you store, and where that fat is distributed. Genetics may also play a role in how efficiently your body converts food into energy, how your body regulates your appetite, and how your body burns calories during exercise. Obesity tends to run in families.
That's not just because of the genes they share. Family members also tend to share similar eating and activity habits.
That doesn’t mean that obesity is completely predetermined. What you eat can have a major effect on which genes are expressed and which are not.
2. Lifestyle choices: Unhealthy diet. A diet that is high in calories, lacking in fruits and vegetables, full of fast food, and laden with high-calorie beverages and oversized portions contribute to weight gain.
Liquid calories. People can drink many calories without feeling full, especially calories from alcohol. Other high-calorie beverages, such as sugared soft drinks, can contribute to significant weight gain.
3. Social and economic issues: Social and economic factors are linked to obesity. Avoiding obesity is difficult if you don't have safe areas to walk or exercise. Similarly, you may not have been taught healthy ways of cooking, or you may not have access to healthier foods. Also, the people you spend time with may influence your weight — you're more likely to develop obesity if you have friends or relatives with obesity.
4. Age: Obesity can occur at any age, even in young children. But as you age, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of obesity. Also, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease with age. Generally, lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. These changes also reduce calorie needs and can make it harder to keep off excess weight. If you don't consciously control what you eat and become more physically active as you age, you'll likely gain weight.
5. Lack of sleep: Not getting enough sleep or getting too much sleep can cause changes in hormones that increase your appetite. You may also crave foods high in calories and carbohydrates, which can contribute to weight gain.
6. Stress: Many external factors that affect your mood and well-being may contribute to obesity. People often seek more high-calorie food when experiencing stressful situations.
7. Previous attempts to lose weight: Previous attempts of weight loss followed by rapid weight regain may contribute to further weight gain.
8. Quitting smoking: Quitting smoking is often associated with weight gain. And for some, it can lead to enough weight gain to qualify as obesity. Often, this happens as people use food to cope with smoking withdrawal. In the long run, however, quitting smoking is still a greater benefit to your health than is continuing to smoke. Your doctor can help you prevent weight gain after quitting smoking.
9. Pregnancy: Weight gain is common during pregnancy. Some women find this weight difficult to lose after the baby is born. This weight gain may contribute to the development of obesity in women. Breast-feeding may be the best option to lose the weight gained during pregnancy.
10. Inactivity: If you have a sedentary lifestyle, you can easily take in more calories every day than you burn through exercise and routine daily activities. Looking at computer, tablet, and phone screens is a sedentary activity. The number of hours you spend in front of a screen is highly associated with weight gain.
There are many reasons why some people have difficulty avoiding obesity. Usually, obesity results from a combination of inherited factors, combined with the environment and personal diet and exercise choices. It is advisable to under some simple daily routines which can help you manage your weight gain. Below are some simple ways to get rid of overweight and obesity.
1. Eat healthy foods especially a balanced diet.
2. Do not have a break in your weight management activities.
3. Exercise regularly.
4. Do not oversleep or under sleep. Sleep moderately.
5. Manage your stress very well.
6. Choose a favourable society that can make your daily activities easy for you.
Thank you for reading.
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