Diet is a big part of managing type 2 diabetes, especially if you have something called diabetic nephropathy, which is a problem with your kidneys.
But it's hard to find foods that are good for your kidneys and blood sugar at the same time.
Patients with diabetes should eat a well-balanced diet and follow any dietary restrictions.
How to eat right if you have diabetic nephropathy
The goal of the diet for kidney disease and diabetes is to keep the body from storing chemicals, extra nutrients, and waste that it doesn't need.
So, you can keep your blood sugar levels steady and keep your kidneys working well at the same time.
You can start by talking to a dietician at a clinic, hospital, or health center near you.
The nutritionist will help you make a diet plan that tells you what foods to eat and what you can't eat.
On a diet for diabetic nephropathy, you should limit how much sugar, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus you eat.
The National Kidney Foundation says that you should not eat more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium (salt) in a single day (mg).
You should also limit how much protein you eat, since too much protein can make the kidneys work harder.
But people with kidney failure who have to go through dialysis might need to eat more protein to meet their daily needs.
The nutrition needs of each patient depend on how sick they are and how bad their disease is.
You can find out more about what you need to eat by talking to a nutritionist and a doctor.
Foods suggested in a diet for diabetic nephropathy:
According to Healthline, here are some foods that are good for you to eat.
Eggs have high-quality protein that is good for the body in many ways. Also, eggs are one of the best foods for people who get dialysis.
This is because eggs can give you all the protein you need without giving you too much phosphorus.
There are a lot of antioxidants in blueberries. Anthocyanins, one of the antioxidants, has been shown to protect against diabetes.
Also, blueberries are low in sodium and phosphorus, so they are safe for people whose kidneys aren't working as well.
On the diabetic nephropathy diet, you have to cut down on how much salt you eat.
Use garlic instead of salt to keep your dishes tasting good. Not only does garlic taste good, but it also gives you vitamins and minerals.
Buckwheat, like wheat and rice, is a whole grain.
But buckwheat is better for people with diabetic nephropathy because it has less phosphorus. So, it is safer for the kidneys in general.
Cauliflower has vitamins B, C, and K, as well as fiber and compounds that help reduce inflammation.
Cauliflower also has a low amount of phosphorus, which makes it a great alternative to potatoes and other tubers that have more phosphorus.
6. Olive oil, peanut oil, and canola oil
Who says that people with kidney disease or diabetes can't eat fat?
In a diabetic nephropathy diet, healthy fats from olive, peanut, or canola oil can help insulin work to lower blood sugar levels.
Mackerel has a lot of omega-3 fats.
The fats in this fish are good for your heart, and they also help lower the risk of complications from diabetes by reducing inflammation in the body.
On the diabetic nephropathy diet, you can't eat too much of the following:
Healthline says that you should eat less of the following foods to keep your blood sugar stable and your kidneys healthy.
1. Meat that has been changed in some way
High in sodium are processed meats like meatballs, sausages, and nuggets.
This extra sodium can make your kidneys work harder and raise your blood pressure, which can make your diabetes problems worse.
2. Dried fruits
Dried fruits are good for people who are healthy, but not for people with diabetic nephropathy.
There is a lot of sugar, potassium, and minerals in dried fruits. It is also quickly broken down by the body, which raises blood sugar.
3. Food in boxes
Because it is high in sodium, packaged food is also not allowed on the diabetic nephropathy diet.
Also, these foods have a lot of refined sugar, which is easy for the body to break down and can cause blood sugar levels to rise quickly.
4. Potatoes and sweet potatoes
Potatoes and sweet potatoes have a lot of potassium, which makes them bad for people with kidney disease.
They also make your blood sugar go up, so you should eat less of them. You can also eat oats, beans, broccoli, or cauliflower instead.
5. Different kinds of lentils
Lentils are beans that come from the same family as mung beans.
Since they have a lot of phosphorus, you shouldn't eat too many of them.
Also, avoid canned lentils because they have a lot of salt.
If you have diabetes and kidney disease, you should cut back on how much sodium, potassium, carbs, and phosphorus you eat.
A diabetic nephropathy diet will help you keep your blood sugar levels under control and keep your kidneys working well.
Don't forget to talk to a nutritionist and doctor first to figure out the best diet plan.
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