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A chalazion is a small swelling or lump on your eyelid because of a blocked gland. They’re called chalazia if you have more than one. A chalazion is one of the most common types of eyelid lumps.
Chalazia are most likely to happen on your upper eyelid. You can get them on both eyes at once. Chalazia often go away and come back.
A chalazion is most common in adults between the ages of 30 to 50 who also have rosacea or blepharitis.
chalazion is sometimes confused with an internal or external stye An internal stye is an infection of a meibomian gland. An external stye is an infection in the area of the eyelash follicle and sweat gland. Styes are usually painful and chalazia usually aren’t. Chalazia may develop after styes.
You should see your eye doctor if you think you have a chalazion, especially if it blocks your vision or if you’ve had
Causes and risk factors
The chalazion is caused by a blockage in one of the tiny meibomian glands of the upper and lower eyelids. The oil these glands produce helps to moisten the eyes.
Inflammation or viruses affecting the meibomian glands are the underlying causes of chalazia.
Chalazia are more common in people with inflammatory conditions like seborrhea , acne, rosacea, chronic blepharitis, or long-term inflammation of the eyelid. They’re also more common in people with viral conjunctivitis or an infection covering the inside of the eyes and eyelids.
Recurring or unusual chalazia may be symptoms of more serious conditions, but these are rare.
What are the symptoms of a chalazion?
When you have a chalazion, you will notice the following symptoms:
1Painless bump in your eyelid, usually on the upper lid.
2.Mild irritation, causing your eyes to water.
3.Blurred vision from larger chalazia that push on the eyeball.
How is a chalazion diagnosed?
You will usually see an eye specialist when you have a chalazion. You might see an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. These healthcare providers can examine the chalazion and offer treatment options.
When you see the eye specialist, you should expect:
1.Health history: Give your complete health history. This information can help your provider find underlying issues
2.External eye exam: Your provider will examine your eye, eyelid, eyelashes and skin texture.
3.Thorough eyelid exam: Eye specialists shine a bright light and use magnification to look at the base of your eyelashes. They also check the oil glands’ openings.
A chalazion usually requires very little medical treatment and tends to clear up on its own within a few weeks.
In the meantime, it is important to avoid squeezing or popping the chalazion, as this can increase the risk of an eye infection.
However, there are several safe ways to promote drainage and speed up the healing process. These include:
Applying a warm compress to the affected eye can help soften any hardened oil blocking the gland ducts. This helps the ducts open and drain more effectively, which can relieve irritation.
To make and use a warm compress:
1.Soak a soft, clean cloth or cotton pad in a bowl of warm water.
2.Wring out any excess liquid.
3.Apply the damp cloth or pad to the eyelid for 10–15 minutes.
4.Continue wetting the compress often to keep it warm.
5.Repeat this several times a day until the swelling goes down.
Gently massaging the eyelids for several minutes each day can help the oil ducts drain more effectively.
Before doing so, ensure that the hands are clean to reduce the risk of infection.
Once the chalazion begins to drain, keep the area clean and avoid touching it with bare hands.
A number of over-the-counter products can help treat a chalazion or stye. These may reduce irritation, prevent infection, and speed up the healing process.
Some of these products include ointments, solutions, and medicated eye pads. A pharmacist can provide advice.
Things to avoid
To prevent further discomfort or irritation, it is best to avoid wearing eye makeup or contact lenses until the chalazion heals.
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