The name may be scary but it is a life threatening disease however, cutaneous leishmaniasis can have devastating effects on local communities.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmaniasis. It is caused by over 15 different species of the protozoan parasite Leishmania, transmitted by infected female sandflies.
There are 3 main forms of leishmaniases – visceral (also known as kala-azar, which is and the most serious form of the disease), cutaneous (the most common), and mucocutaneous.
The disease affects some of the poorest people on earth, and is associated with malnutrition, population displacement, poor housing, a weak immune system and lack of financial resources.
It causes disfiguring skin lesions that can leave life-long scars and lead to severe social stigma, especially for women and children. Consequences include ostracism, less education, and economic loss.
Where it occurs
The disease is found everywhere in the world except Australia and Antarctica. However, about 95 percent of cutaneous cases occur in:
the Mediterranean basin
the Middle East
In 2015 over 90 percentTrusted Source of visceral cases occurred in:
Signs or Symptoms
Some people have a silent infection, without any symptoms or signs. People who develop clinical evidence of infection have one or more sores on their skin. The sores can change in size and appearance over time. The sores may start out as papules (bumps) or nodules (lumps) and may end up as ulcers (like a volcano, with a raised edge and central crater); skin ulcers may be covered by scab or crust. The sores usually are painless but can be painful.
Treatment consists of medications that are specific to the type of leishmaniasis, the species of the parasite, and to the country in which the patient acquired the disease.
Consultation with an infectious disease consultant can assist with diagnosis and treatment of cases imported into the United States.
Content created and supplied by: DropshipNews (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More