The joy of monsoons is followed by a slew of perilous elements. It is important that everyone be aware of the situation and take measures before being afflicted. Malaria is one of them. But, what exactly is Malaria?
What is Malaria, and how does it spread?
A individual who is bitten by an infected mosquito contracts a dangerous, life-threatening disease. Malaria cases have been on the rise in India since 2010.
According to a 2017 WHO study, India has the world's fourth highest rate of Malaria infection and deaths.
The first question that comes to mind for everyone is: Which mosquito causes Malaria, and how does Malaria spread?
The disease-carrying mosquito is a female Anopheles Mosquito, a Plasmodium parasite that transmits parasites from the mosquito's saliva into the person's bloodstream. The parasites are injected into the liver and begin reproducing.Plasmodium comes in a number of subspecies, but only five are dangerous: P. Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale, P. Malarie, and P. Knowlesi. Malaria is caused by both of these factors.
What causes malaria the most and how it is caused depends on how easily they can reproduce themselves within the human body, out of the five mentioned above.
P. Falciparum – A major cause of death due to the severity of the symptoms.
P. Vivax – Causes relapses, but not to a high degree. The most common cause of malaria is this.
P. Ovale is a parasite that causes tertian malaria. It's a unique species.
P. Malarie is a parasite that causes a long-term infection.
P. Knowlesi – Malaria infection that progresses slowly to a complicated serious infection.
Malaria Symptoms and Signs
It is important to understand how to diagnose that a person is suffering from this life-threatening disease. Malaria symptoms and treatment are something that everyone should be aware of, especially during the rainy season. There will be no infectious disease as a cause.
You can feel a mild fever at first, followed by nausea, headache, and chills.
You'll feel exhausted and unable to deal with your everyday life if you have excessive muscle pain.
Stick these mosquito repellent patches on their clothing or spray mosquito repellent roll on to shield kids from the hazards of Malaria.
Malaria symptoms are primarily classified into two categories: uncomplicated and severe Malaria.
We'll start with the Uncomplicated Malaria.
Sweating is a normal phenomenon.
The first stage includes both cold and hot influences, as well as excessive sweating. Excessive sweating is very common in people who have a normal body temperature.
Feelings in the Body
One of the main issues is a cold feeling in the body followed by shivering.
Nausea and fever
It is important to be prepared for a constant fever, headache, and vomiting.
Malaria's early symptoms include fever and chills.
It is also important to be concerned about impaired consciousness. It's a condition in which self-knowledge and awareness of one's surroundings become difficult to grasp. Both of this will fall under the category of Cerebral Malaria.
Heart and Kidney Failure
There's also a risk of kidney failure, heart collapse, and low blood sugar (especially in the case of a pregnant woman).
It is also found that the person is unable to breathe properly and that he or she is not getting enough oxygen.
Bleeding that isn't natural
One of the most common symptoms associated with it is abnormal bleeding, which is frequently accompanied by signs of anemia and a clinical case of jaundice.
It can be life-threatening if not handled promptly and properly. There will be virtually no chance of recovery.
Malaria Illness Treatment
It is important to understand how to treat Malaria once the symptoms have been identified.
The main goal of treatment is to get the infection out of the infected person's body.
The World Health Organization recommends ACT, or Artemisinin-based Combination Theory. Artemisinin, also known as sweet wormwood, decreases the amount of parasites in the body for the first three days before being eliminated with the aid of a companion drug that is injected.
This is, however, the worst-case scenario. Malaria is usually curable by primary care doctors in the region. The medicines prescribed to the patient are determined by factors such as the parasite species present in the body, the nature of the symptoms, and the body's drug-resistance ability.
The following are the most commonly prescribed medications by doctors:
Chloroquine is a drug that is used to treat malaria (Aralen)
Doxycycline is a type of antibiotic (Adoxa, Atridox)
Atovaquone (Qualaquin) Quinine (Qualaquin) Mefloquine (Lariam) Quinine (Qualaquin) Quinine (Qualaquin) Quinine (Quala (Malarone)
Malaria Home Treatments:
If an individual does not believe in western medicine, a mild case of Malaria may be treated with home remedies that have proven to be successful in the past.
Vinegar made from apples
Water with Ginger
Honey and Cinnamon Bath
Juice from a tree
Milk and herbal tea
The following are a few of them:
Vinegar made from apples–
Apple Cider Vinegar was mixed with water and applied to the calves for 10-12 minutes while wrapped in a towel.
Water with Ginger –
Boil ginger in water and consume 1-2 cups a day.
Honey and Cinnamon Water–
In a pot of water, bring cinnamon and pepper powder to a boil. Drink the strained water with honey 1-2 times a day.
On a regular basis, drink 2-3 glasses of orange juice, sweet lime juice, or grapefruit juice.
Herbal Tea and Milk–
Every day, drink two cups of herbal tea or turmeric milk.
What can be done to avoid Malaria?
Many who have not yet been infected with Malaria still have one question in mind: how can Malaria be prevented?
There are a number of ways to protect yourself from being bitten by a Malaria mosquito during the rainy season.
Cover up – In such seasons, it is recommended that you dress thoroughly so that your body is not exposed to mosquitoes and you remain healthy. Alternatively, a thin layer of natural mosquito repellent cream may be applied.
Mosquito Repellent Spray – Mosquito repellent sprays are a common choice for people who want to avoid mosquito bites.
Bed Nets – Use an insecticide-treated net to cover the entire space.
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