This article is not meant for advertisement but rather to enlighten people about some health benefits of sandpaper trees.
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Ficus exasperata, also called the sandpaper tree, forest sandpaper fig, white fig, or sandpaper leaf tree, is a deciduous, and dioecious species of plant in the mulberry family Moraceae, native to tropical Africa (an area from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and Mozambique) and southern Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Yemen).
Root decoctions of Ficus Exasperata are taken for the treatment of urinary tract ailments, gonorrhoea, asthma and tuberculosis. The root is an ingredient in a prescription to expel worms. The stem bark is locally applied to the body for the treatment of malaria. Leaf pulp or sap is externally applied for the treatment of rash, wounds, leprous sore, fungal infections, itching, oedema, ringworm, rheumatism, lumbar intercostal pain. The dried leaf is sprinkled on burns. The young leaf is chewed and swallowed in case of gastric ulcers.
Fruit is a syconium and trees may be either female or hermaphrodite. Hermaphrodite trees are functionally male. The tree is known to be pollinated by the wasp Kradibia gestroi, where the female lays eggs in female trees with only short styles. Besides sexual reproduction, the tree may grow with vegetative means propagated by seed and cuttings.
Sandpaper tree is widely used as a source of sandpaper and as a valuable medicinal plant. The extracts from the tree are used to treat as anti-ulcer, hypotensive, lipid-lowering, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities which helps reduce air balance in the body as well as body pressure. commonly Sandpaper tree is used in folk medicine to manage high blood pressure. However, different methods such as soaking, boiling, hand maceration, and blending have been employed for preparing sandpaper leaf extracts for hypertensive patients.
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