Our heart muscles needs oxygen to survive.
Heart Attack also called Myocardial Infarction is a medical emergency which occur when blood flow that brings oxygen to the heart muscles is severely reduce or cut off completely due to blockage of an artery called coronary artery that supply blood to the heart muscles causing the affected part to damage or dies.
The blockage could be of fats, cholesterol and other substances which form a plague in the arteries which supply blood to the heart muscles.
A number of factors can put you at risk for Heart Attack. Some factors can’t be changed . Others can be modified to prevent heart attack. These factors include;
Atherosclerosis is the unwanted build up of fatty deposits causing the coronary arteries to become narrowed reducing blood supply to the heart muscles.
Age; Men 45years and older and Women 55years and older are at risk than younger men and women.
Tobacco including smoking and long term exposure to secondhand smoking also put a person at a risk of developing heart attack
High blood pressure can damage arteries that leads to the heart
High blood cholesterol of high level of low density lipoprotein also called bad cholesterol narrows the arteries supplying blood which contains oxygen to the heart muscles.
Obesity links with high cholesterol, high blood pressure and high triglycerides level which put one at a risk of developing heart attack.
Diabetes; having high blood sugar can damage arteries and nerves that control heart and putting one at risk of developing heart attack
Family history; if you have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes you are at more risk of developing heart attack.
Sex; men are more at risk than women.
Lack of physical activity; being inactive contribute to high cholesterol and obesity. People who exercise regularly have better Heart health.
Stress ; extreme stress can also trigger for heart attack.
Excessive consumption of alcohol
History of preeclampsia that is having high blood pressure during pregnancy. This increase the life time risk of heart diseases.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK
How would I know if I have heart attack?
Chest pain Which is squeezing in nature, spreading to the neck, jaw, arm, shoulder and back
Difficult in breathing
Nausea and vomiting
PREVENTION OF HEART ATTACK
Eating healthy diet; try to limit saturated fats, food high in sodium and added sugar. Eat fruits and vegetables, whole grains and fibre riched food as well.
Stop smoking and minimize your exposure to secondhand smoking
Get regular exercise; exercise helps to strengthening your heart and improve circulation. It also help maintain healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure.
Maintain a healthy weight
Manage stress by exercising, listening to music, focusing on something calm and peaceful
Limit alcohol intake
Keep your blood pressure and blood sugar at lower level if you are an hypertensive and a diabetic patient and take your medication as ordered by your doctor.
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