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All you need to know about "BURNS"

A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.[3] Most burns are due to heat from hot liquids, solids, or fire.[7] While rates are similar for males and females the underlying causes often differ.[4] Among women in some areas, risk is related to use of open cooking fires or unsafe cook stoves.[4] Among men, risk is related to the work environments.[4] Alcoholism and smoking are other risk factors.[4] Burns can also occur as a result of self harm or violence between people.[4]

Burns that affect only the superficial skin layers are known as superficial or first-degree burns.[1][8] They appear red without blisters and pain typically lasts around three days.[1][8] When the injury extends into some of the underlying skin layer, it is a partial-thickness or second-degree burn.[1] Blisters are frequently present and they are often very painful.[1] Healing can require up to eight weeks and scarring may occur.[1] In a full-thickness or third-degree burn, the injury extends to all layers of the skin.[1] Often there is no pain and the burnt area is stiff.[1] Healing typically does not occur on its own.[1] A fourth-degree burn additionally involves injury to deeper tissues, such as muscle, tendons, or bone.[1] The burn is often black and frequently leads to loss of the burned part.[1][9]


Burns are generally preventable.[4] Treatment depends on the severity of the burn.[1] Superficial burns may be managed with little more than simple pain medication, while major burns may require prolonged treatment in specialized burn centers.[1] Cooling with tap water may help pain and decrease damage; however, prolonged cooling may result in low body temperature.[1][8] Partial-thickness burns may require cleaning with soap and water, followed by dressings.[1] It is not clear how to manage blisters, but it is probably reasonable to leave them intact if small and drain them if large.[1] Full-thickness burns usually require surgical treatments, such as skin gr

Content created and supplied by: Cyrilbasil05 (via Opera News )

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