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Disease prevention and treatment

AWARENESS: HIV/AIDS Is Still Killing People In Large Numbers - Check Out How To Prevent It.

Covid 19 has caused a stir in the whole world thereby causing a lot of people to forget about other infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDs.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the immune system of human and weakens their defence against many infections and some type of cancer that people with healthy immune system can fight. At the end of the year 2020, there are 36.3 million people who died and about 37.7 people are living with HIV in WHO African Region.

HIV has some stages but the most advanced stage is the AIDs(Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It takes many years to develop if not treated. It can be defined by the development of certain cancer, clinical manifestations.

Some signs and symptoms

HIV symptoms vary depending on the stages of it's infection. You may not experience any symptoms or influenza but you can be infectious in the first few months. As the infection gradually weakens the immune system, it develops to other signs and symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhea and cough. If not treated, it can develop to other illnesses such as tuberculosis (TB), cryptococal meningitis, severe bacterial infections and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's Sacoma.

How HIV Is Transmitted

HIV can be transmitted through the exchange of a variety of bbody fluids from infected people such as blood, semen, breast milk and vaginal secretions. It can also be transmitted from mother to children through pregnancy and child delivery.

Note: HIV cannot be infected through ordinary body contact such as hugging, kissing, shaking of hands, or sharing of personal objects, food and water.

Factors That Put The Individual At The Risk of Contracting HIV

There are some factors which puts the individual at the risk of contacting such a disease. They are;

1. Having unprotected anal or vaginal sex with an infected person

2. Having another sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like syphilis, herpes, chlamdia, gonorhoea etc.

HIV disease can be managed by treatment regimens composed of a combination of three or more antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Current antiretroviral therapy (ART) does not cure HIV infection but highly suppresses viral replication within a person's body and allows an individual's immune system recovery to strengthen and regain the capacity to fight off opportunistic infections and some cancers.

Individuals can reduce the risk of HIV infection by limiting exposure to risk factors. Key approaches for HIV prevention, which are often used in combination, include; male and female condom use; testing and counselling for HIV and STIs; testing and counselling for linkages to tuberculosis (TB) care; voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC); use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for prevention; harm reduction for people who inject and use drugs; and elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Personal: HIV is real let's protect ourselves and stay healthy.

Content created and supplied by: GabiSmart (via Opera News )



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