Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that is found in males. Most people get scared when they hear of any cancer related disease since most of its kind are untreatable. Prostrate cancer is highly treatable in the early stages. It begins in the prostate gland, which sits between the penis and the bladder.
Functions of the prostate include, producing the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm, secreting prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that helps semen retain its liquid state and helping aid urine control. All these make it a vital organ it plays a vital role in our regular activities especially urinating. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to affect males in Africa.
About eleven percent of men will receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer at some point in their life. However, only three percent of these will die as a result of it. This is because treatment is effective, especially at its the early stages. Routine screening enables doctors to detect many cases of prostate cancer before they spread.
Symptoms of prostate cancer.
There are often no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer, but screening can detect changes that can indicate cancer. Screening involves a test that measures levels of PSA in the blood. High levels suggest that cancer may be present.
Males who do experience symptoms may experience difficulty starting and maintaining urination, a frequent urge to urinate especially at night, blood in the urine or semen and painful urination. In some cases, pain on ejaculation, difficulty getting or maintaining an erection and pain or discomfort when sitting, if the prostate is enlarged.
In the advanced stage of prostate cancer, patients may notice frequent bone pain, especially in the hips, thighs or shoulders, edema, and swelling in the legs or feet. Weight loss, back pain, tiredness and changes in bowel habits may likely accompany the above symptoms.
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