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Control Measures Of Whooping Cough

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Whooping Cough (Pertussis) is an infection of the respiratory system caused by a bacterium Bordetella Pertussis. It's characterized by severe coughing spells which can sometimes end in a "whooping" sound when the infected person breathes in. The the disease in question in some countries is referred to as 100 days cough.

It mainly affects infants younger than six (6) months old before they are adequately protected by immunizations and kids 11 to 18 years old whose immunity has started to fade.

Signs and Symptoms

1. Thickness in the sputum of an infected person

2. Runny nose

3. Sneezing

4. Mild cough

5. Low grade fever

6. Vomiting after cough

7. Poor appetite leading to refusal of food

8. Red eyes due to severe cough

9. Breathlessness and exhaustion due to severe cough

10. Pause in breathing

Mode Of Transmission

1. Direct contact with droplets discharged into the air from nose and throat of an infected person

2. Indirect contact with contaminated articles like clothes of an infected person

COMPLICATIONS

1. Bronchi pneumonia

2. Malnutrition leading to marasmus, kwashiorkor due to anorexia and vomiting

3. Brain damage

4. Otitis media

5. Hypoxia

6. Encephalitis

7. Cardiac failure from exhaustion in infants

MANAGEMENT OF PERTUSSIS

1. Feed frequently between coughing spasms

2. Exclusive breast feeding depending on the age of the child

3. Encourage adequate intake of oral fluid

4. Avoid spicy foods

5. Refer to hospital when complications like dehydration, fever, pneumonia, convulsion and malnutrition arises

6. Treat with antibiotics such as oral erythromycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin

PREVENTION OF WHOOPING COUGH

1. Active routine immunization of infants against all vaccine preventable diseases including pertusis

2. Health education on avoiding the use of infected person articles

3. Good nutrition

4. Improved environmental conditions thus by avoiding over crowding and ensuring good ventilation

CONTROL MEASURES OF PERTUSSIS

1. Early identification and notification

2. Isolation

3. Concurrent disinfection

4. Investigation on contact and source of the infection

5. Specific and prompt treatment of all cases.


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Cough Pertussis Whooping Cough

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