Rectal cancer develops usually over years; its actual cause is not known, but risk factors include increasing age (over 50), smoking, family history, high-fat diet, or a history of polyps or colorectal cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.
Cancer of the rectum should be considered whenever there is rectal bleeding, even if other causes such as hemorrhoids are present. A person may feel as if there is incomplete evacuation. There usually is no pain until later stages of the condition.
If you have symptoms, your doctor will perform a digital rectal exam. In this exam, your doctor will put his or her gloved finger into your rectum to feel for growths. It's not painful. However, it can be uncomfortable.
“That makes rectal cancer 10 times more likely than colon cancer to come back after treatment where it started.” Rectal cancer has about a 20 percent risk of local recurrence, versus about 2 percent with colon cancer
Rectal cancer occurs when cells in the rectum mutate and grow out of control. The disease may also develop when growths, called polyps, on the inner wall of the rectum develop and become cancerous. Exercising. Eating less red and processed meat and more fiber and vegetable
Stage III rectal cancer is divided into stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC. Stage IIIA rectal cancer. Cancer has spread through the mucosa of the rectum wall to the submucosa and may have spread to the muscle layer, and has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes or tissues near the lymph nodes
Certain patients with Stage IV rectal cancer can be cured of their cancer and others derive meaningful palliative benefit from treatment. Patients with Stage IV rectal cancer can be broadly divided into two groups: those with cancer that may be possible to remove with surgery and those with more widespread cancer
What should I eat if I have rectal cancer?
1. Choose protein-rich foods.
2. Lean meats such as chicken, fish, or turkey.
4. Low fat dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese or dairy substitutes.
5. Nuts and nut butters.
7. Soy foods.
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