📌Your Guide To Magical Results In IELTS WRITING
🔍(Today’s focus is on the CONTENT OF PARAGRAPHS.)
Everyone says you should give Extended Answers to get a high band score for task achievement. But how extended should they be?
Let’s not talk about bands 0-4 because if these were your bands, you wouldn’t be reading this post now. So let’s focus on bands 5-9. Let’s imagine that we are writing an essay about health. I’ll try to show you the difference between bands using a simple example. At least, this example usually helped my students, so I assume that it can help you as well.
🖍Band 5: ‘Doing exercises is good for health.’
Comment: TOO GENERAL. What exercises? What does ‘good’ mean? So it’s 5.
🖌Band 6 ‘Doing exercises such as swimming and jogging is beneficial for health.’
Comment: NOT EXTENDED ENOUGH. We know what exercises are good but we still don’t know why they are good. Although ‘beneficial’ looks a bit better than just ‘good’, it doesn’t bear a lot of meaning.
🖋Band 7+: ‘Doing exercises such as swimming and jogging is beneficial for health. These exercises, if done regularly, stimulate a person’s cardiovascular system, leading to something bla-bla-bla. Another positive outcome is developing muscles + bla-bla-bla.
Comment: FULLY EXTENDED. You say what is good for health, give examples of this good activity, explain why it is good, under what conditions, where and when.
Now let’s analyse some real piece of writing.
📮Topic: Some people believe that zoos where animals are kept in man-made environment should no longer exist in the 21st century. Do you agree or disagree?
📌Main Body Paragraph 1: Undoubtedly, the main necessity zoos are created for is preserving rare species of animals from extinction. This includes research programmes aimed at breeding and expanding the populations of these species as it is in zoos that animals receive medical care, food and safety. One more beneficial function no one would dare to gainsay is providing shelter and care to those that are either too young or too weak to survive in the wild. For this reason, we can certainly say that if it weren’t for zoos, the majority of vulnerable animals would be doomed to death.
Comment: The first sentence presents the idea that zoos are important to preserve rare species of animals from extinction. It’s good. Then the second statement gives some explanation of how zoos can help to preserve rare species. This makes this paragraph more or less extended, so this essay can score 6 for task achievement. Now let’s read the second sentence one more time carefully. ‘bla-bla-bla...animals receive medical care, food and safety…’ What kind of medical care? Why is it important that they are fed in zoos? What does the author of this paragraph mean by ‘safety’? Let’s read the third sentence. ‘bla-bla-bla… too weak to survive in the wild’. Again, what threats do they have? Why does the author think that they won’t survive?
📊TASK ACHIEVEMENT: So, task achievement is definitely better than 5, but not so good to score 7. I guess task achievement here would be 6.
🔍COHERENCE & COHESION: This paragraph is fully coherent. The author uses both linking words and phrases such as ‘undoubtedly’, ‘for this reason’ and linking devices such as ‘this includes’, ‘one more beneficial function is…’. It would definitely score either 7 or even 8.
🔍VOCABULARY: Vocabulary is probably not good enough for 8, but it’s definitely worth 7.
🔍GRAMMAR: ‘are created’ (passive voice), ‘it is in zoos that animals receive…’ (cleft sentence), ‘providing’ (gerund), (either … or…), ‘if it weren’t for zoos, the majority of vulnerable animals would be doomed to death’ (conditional type 2) This would give 7 or even 8.
If the whole essay was of the same quality, this would be 6 + 7 + 7 + 7 = 7,0 or even 6 + 8 + 7 + 8 = 7,5
Content created and supplied by: Muvit (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More