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First world war 1914-18

The beginning of the twentieth century etched history with the First World War from 1914 to 1918. Also known as The Great War, WWI stretched from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Two blocs, namely the Allied Powers and the Central Powers fought against each other. Before the war began, countries competed with each other to acquire weapons and form political and military alliances. On 28th June 1914, Serbia assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir of Austria-Hungary throne. An uproar of war was declared in Austria-Hungary against Serbia. Other countries joined in and defended their allies. Different countries fought against different allies. The situation in Europe was tense as the battle was fought on the east and the west.

Along the western front, France and Belgium were invaded by German military troops. Along the eastern front, Russia was attacked. When Germans troops found themselves losing, the war was fought from tunnels dug in the ground. That is why the First World War is also called Trench War. Extensive uses of artillery, machine guns, tanks, poisonous gas, U-boats, etc. were used. As a result of which many women and children, apart from soldiers, died in the war. Indian soldiers also participated in the First World War as a colony of Britain from Africa and West Asia. India hoped that they might win independence. The war brought down the economy of the world. It led to food scarcity, an outbreak of a pandemic, scarcity of essential commodities, etc. The war came to an end towards the end of 1918. The Allied Powers won the war. Both parties signed the Peace Treaty known as an armistice.

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Allied Powers Austria-Hungary Belgium France Franz Ferdinand


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