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To get the ball rolling, a politician is someone who is involved in politics and holds an important government position. As a politician in the country, there are certain nitty grrity you need to know about election before speaking in public. It is also the duty of a politician to educate and enlighten the citizens on important national issues. The Electoral Commission (EC) also play an important role in education the citizens on electoral matters. Below are some basic terminology a politician in a particular political position should know.
Poll is a survey used to measure public opinion concerning issues of an election. This is when electorate express their views on important matters of the state. Public opinion can reach far to the government when the media is involved.
2. Bye election.
This is an election held to fill a vacant position in parliament. The vacant position may be available as a result of the death of the parliamentarian or resignation from the office.
Plebiscite is an election which is held to determine an important constitutional issue. A constitutional issue can be the amendment of a rigid clause or any matters relating to the constitution.
Referendum is an election which is held to analyse, evaluate and determine important national issues. It may result as an adoption of a new policy. If the citizens don't accept the proposal, they will vote against it and if the like the policy they will vote in favour of the policy.
5. Universal adult suffrage
It is the freedom given to an individual who is above 18 years of age to vote without any restrictions. In this situation the electorate is given the mandate to exercise his or her franchise which is entrenched and stipulated in the constitution.
This is when a particular area is divided or manipulated in favour of a particular political party. This kind of practice creates division and also lead to divisive tendencies. The divisive tendency is when people are divided into hostile camps.
7. Run- Off Election
This occurs when both parties don't reach the percentage mark stipulated in the constitution therefore they go for another round of election before one party reach that particular percentage which is 50% +.
8. Grass Roots
This is the people at the local level which includes village, town, district and the constituency to the national level.
An incumbent government is a previous office holder. This is when someone has been in a certain position before.
This is when governmental powers are shared to local levels to make laws. This laws would be revised and checked constantly by the parliamentarians.
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