Fertilization to delivery, requires a number of steps in a woman’s body. As we all know, one of the steps to pregnancy begins with a fertilized egg. Normally, the fertilized egg attaches itself to the lining of the uterus. In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus. Thus attachment into the fallopian tube, abdominal cavity, or cervix but the most popular one is normally the fallopian tubes and its known as the tubal pregnancy.
A pregnancy test will confirm pregnancy, but the fertilized egg can’t grow normally anywhere other than the uterus which means that the fertilized egg can't survive, and the growing tissue may cause life-threatening bleeding and this should be treated.
The cause of an ectopic pregnancy isn’t always clear. Your doctor may be able to give you more specific information about your condition.
When to see a doctor
An untreated ectopic pregnancy can be a medical emergency. Prompt treatment reduces your risk of complications from the ectopic pregnancy, increases your chances for future, healthy pregnancies, and reduces future health complications.
Seek emergency medical help if you have any signs or symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy, including:
-Severe abdominal or pelvic pain.
-Severe shoulder pain or pain occurring at one side of the abdomen.
-Severe vaginal bleeding that start from light to heavy.
-Extreme lightheadedness, fainting or dizziness.
One must take note that so far as She is menstruating and sexually active then she is at risk because she might get pregnant. Increasing factors are,
-History of ectopic pregnancy. If you've had this type of pregnancy before, you're more likely to have it again.
-Having structural abnormalities in the fallopian tubes that make it hard for the egg to travel.
- History of multiple abortions.
-Sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia, can cause inflammation in the tubes and other nearby organs, and increase your risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
Without treatment an ectopic pregnancy may rupture and can lead to life threatening bleeding. Its ruptures because as the pregnancy grows in the fallopian tube the space in which it grows becomes smaller and smaller and if it can't contain it anymore the the tube then ruptures to make room for it.
How ectopic pregnancy is treated.
Ectopic pregnancies aren’t safe for the mother. Also, the embryo won’t be able to develop to term. A surgeon will remove the embryo and repair any internal damage as soon as possible for the mother’s immediate health and long-term fertility and this is termed as laparotomy.
You may be able to reduce your risk through good reproductive health maintenance. Protecting yourself during sex and reducing your number of sexual partners reduces your risk for STDs, which can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases, a condition that can cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes.
Don't smoke. If you do, quit before you try to get pregnant. It's also a good prevetive strategy.
Maintain regular visits with your doctor, including regular gynecological exams and regular STD screenings will help as well.
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