Three out of four persons will develop hemorrhoids or piles once in their lifetime and about 50% of adults experience symptoms by the age of 50. This places the prevalence of this illness high on the list of non-communicable or noninfectious illnesses.
Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external depending on their location within the anus or rectum. External hemorrhoids develop outside the anus. They are the most common and the most troublesome. They cause pain, severe itching and discomfort with certain sitting positions.
Hemorrhoids occur when there pressure on the veins in and around the anus. This may be caused by straining during defecating, complications of chronic constipation or diarrhea, prolonged sitting and a family history of the disease. Obesity, consistent heavy lifting and pregnancy. Symptoms of hemorrhoids include but not limited to; anal itching, anal pain, painful bowel movement and bloody or blood stained stools (bright red).
Hemorrhoids can be managed by symptoms; pain medications and ointments or creams to relieve pain and itching. There are also hemorrhoid suppositories available in pharmacies. Treating constipation and ensuring correct posture during lifting is also important.
To prevent or avoid worsening could be achieved by increasing fluid intake, exercise, avoiding prolonged sitting and eating high fiber diet such as oatmeal, fruits and vegetables.
However, you should consult your GP for surgical methods if hemorrhoids interfere with your daily routine and general quality of life.
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