During pregnancy, any precaution is little, and it is precisely from this "paranoia" that is generated among pregnant women that many myths have been generated around that beautiful stage of life. Can a pregnant woman drink alcohol? And coffee? What about cats during pregnancy? Should it be eaten for two? Take a read of these myths and truths about pregnancy.
- "Sweeteners should be avoided during pregnancy."
In some studies in mice it has been found that a sweetener called sodium cyclamate made from a petroleum derivative, could harm the fetus when consumed in large quantities.
However, for real harm to occur, a pregnant woman would have to drink the equivalent of 10 cans of diet soda a day. I mean, something very unlikely. Most scientific studies in this regard do not find a major problem with the consumption of sweeteners during pregnancy, including cyclamate, as long as it is in moderation.
But, if the consumption of this substance worries you and you do not want to neglect your silhouette, you still have a sea of possibilities when it comes to sweeteners that range from aspartame to stevia. THIS IS A MYTH.
- "The pregnant woman should not drink coffee"
Due to the suspicion that caffeine is linked to an increased chance of miscarriage, some medical guidelines (such as the Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy ) and obstetricians choose to prohibit the consumption of coffee during pregnancy. Other health professionals are less strict and allow you to have a few cups a day.
However, the evidence linking caffeine consumption to pregnancy and breastfeeding problems, including brain damage, is controversial and inconclusive - even because it is somewhat difficult to conduct medical research on pregnant women.
According to the most rigorous studies on the subject, the consumption of three or a maximum of four cups of coffee a day is safe. In proportions higher than those mentioned above, it has not been proven that problems arise, but it is from this point that controversies increase. THIS IS A MYTH.
- "Pregnant women cannot take antibiotics"
The placenta is the organ that connects the mother and the baby, and is also responsible for transmitting nutrients to the fetus. For this reason, the baby is exposed to at least a part of almost everything that the mother ingests, with few exceptions. This can be a problem, but it is also possible that it is not.
It is difficult to know exactly, but there is sufficient and accepted scientific evidence. While many antibiotics do not pose a risk to the fetus, others are proven dangerous. This is why it is vitally important that a health professional is notified before consuming any medication, only he is qualified to evaluate the cost-benefits of each case and prescribe the drug that solves the problem without affecting the product. HALF TRUE.
- "A pregnant woman should stay away from cats"
Toxoplasmosis is the main cause of this fear, a disease caused by a protozoan that finds its definitive host in felines: the transmission of this parasite between contaminated cats and humans occurs through feces.
Toxoplasmosis is a disease that often goes unnoticed in people who are not pregnant. However, when the disease attacks the fetus it can cause serious problems, such as malformations. For a cat to become infected with the disease, it must first have eaten rats or birds that had toxoplasma cysts in their muscles.
In other words, those cats that live indoors and only consume pet food will hardly be contaminated. But better safe than sorry, so cleaning the litter box should be done by someone else. HALF TRUE.
- "Pregnant women should not apply cream to their faces"
Pregnant women are recommended to suspend the application of anti-aging creams simply because the effects that certain substances may have on the fetus are unknown, since the product is not tested on pregnant women.
As in gestation there is an increase in peripheral vasodilation, that is, the blood vessels dilate more than normal, the skin tends to absorb any type of product in greater quantities. In many countries there is the aggravation that cosmetics follow the regulations of health organizations, which makes access to the complete formulation of the product more difficult.
There is nothing proven against these types of creams, but doctors frequently recommend that they be discontinued. HALF TRUE.
- "Pregnant women feel warmer"
A pregnancy causes a woman's metabolism to speed up and her temperature to rise. This increase is not much, about half a degree centigrade, but it is enough for more heat to be experienced. In the last stage of pregnancy, due to the effort required to load the belly, this feeling of heat becomes much worse. TRUTH
- "A pregnant woman should eat for two."
Those women who once procreated and followed this advice, surely found that things are not like that. At a normal weight (with a body mass index between 18.5 and 25), another three hundred calories per day can be credited to the baby's account. A couple of glasses of orange juice are enough to satisfy these extra requirements.
By following this recommendation, it is much easier to fit between the weight gain parameters that are considered adequate by medicine: between 11 and 16 kg for women with a body mass index between 18.5 and 25. This is not only important for regain shape after pregnancy, but also for the health of the baby during gestation.
Pregnant women who gain more weight than recommended have a higher risk of developing hypertension and gestational diabetes, as well as complications during delivery. But it is also not a reason to become neurotic and diet: gaining weight is part of the fundamental physiological process for a good development of the fetus. THIS IS A MYTH.
- "A pregnant woman cannot drink any alcohol"
Although it seems illogical, this topic is less controversial than caffeine, and not exactly in the sense that you are thinking. It is more than proven that drinking excessively (we are talking about more than 5 drinks at a time) during a pregnancy can generate cognitive deficits in the fetus.
However, despite the controversies and the difficulty of conducting research on the subject, there is still no reliable evidence that a glass of wine or a beer a day can cause problems in the development of the fetus . However, eating while drinking and the speed of intake makes a difference. It is advisable to accompany any small portion of drink with an aperitif. THIS IS A MYTH.
- "The pregnant woman cannot smoke"
In this case there is no controversy. It is more than proven that smoking affects the health of any human being, so smoking cigarettes, even a few, does not bring anything beneficial to the fetus.
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risks of premature labor, problems with the placenta, and low birth weight babies. As if that weren't enough, little ones are also at greater risk of sudden death (statistics suggest that 86% of sudden infant deaths in the UK are in the children of smoking mothers).
The reason that smoking causes so much damage to the fetus is not entirely clear, but experts believe it is related to nicotine and carbon monoxide, which impair oxygenation to the fetus and can cause damage to the placenta. TRUTH
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