Think you know all there is to know about your period? Women about 450 periods during their lifetime, which means you have plenty of chances to learn all about it. Even so your period can still manage to surprise you and not just by showing up when you least expect it.
Did you know these five factors about your monthly visitor?
1. You can get pregnant during your period:
It's time to squash that age old myth. Your period doesn't protect you from pregnancy. There are couple of reason why.
First, some women may bleed when their ovaries release each month, called ovulation, and mistake it for their period. You're at your peak fertility when you ovulate. So if you have sex during this time, it could actually make you more likely to get pregnant.
Second, you may ovulate before your period is over or within a few days after the bleeding stops. Since sperm can hang out in your body for up to 3 day, having sex during your period could lead to conception.
2. The period you get while on the pill isn't a 'true' period:
Sure, you bleed during the week that you take the sugar pill. But technically that's "monthly withdrawal bleeding. " It's slightly different than a period. Normally, you ovulate in the middle of your menstrual cycle. If the egg your ovaries release isn't fertilized, your hormone levels drop, causing you to shed the lining inside your uterus, and you get your period. Birth control pills, though, prevent ovulation. With most types, you take hormones for 3 weeks followed by 1 week of pills without them. Though they keep your body from releasing an egg , they usually don't prevent it from building up the lining of your uterus all month. The period like bleeding during that fourth week is your body's reaction to the lack of hormones from the last week of the pill.
3. Your period changes throughout your life:
Just when you start to feel like you can predict exactly when your period is going to show, everything can change. For that, you thank the hormone shifts that happen throughout your life time. Once you get your first period, your cycle may be longer, meaning more time may pass between when one period starts to the next . A typical cycle for a teenage girl may be 21 to 45 days. Over time, they get shorter and more predictable, averaging about 21 to 35 days. Gradual life changes are normal, but sudden, unusual issues like very heavy bleeding or missed periods are not. Talk with your doctor if you notice that something seems off.
4. Tampons and pads aren't your only choice:
You make more options to help you manage that time of the month. A menstrual cup is a flexible cup that fits inside your vagina and collects blood during your period. Period panties are super absorbent, and you can wear them on their own on your lighter days or with a tampon during heavier times. Reusable cloth pads can be washed and worn again. These products can be cost savers, since you can reuse them, and they also creat less waste. In some cases, they give you more time between change a tampon every 4 to 8 hours, with a menstrual cup before you empty it. But you can find one that works for you with some trial and error.
5. PMS is still a mystery:
It's 1 or 2 weeks before your period starts, and here comes the breakout, sluggishness,cravings, bloating, and mood swings. Sound familiar? Every woman is different, but for many, PMS is a fact of life. But doctors don't know exactly why that is. It seems to be a mix of hormones changes during your menstrual cycle, chemical changes in the brain, and other emotional issue you might have, such as depression, that can make PMS worse. Lifestyle changes are usually the best way to take control of PMS. Aim to get about 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week, get 8 hours if shut eye per night, and don't smoke. Your diet make a difference too so full up on fruits and veggies, and whole grains whiles you limit salt( hello bloating) as well as sugar, caffeine and alcohol. Let your doctor know if PMS keeps you from doing what you normally do, or if you have symptom of depression it anxiety.
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